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The production of d-hydantoinase and carbamoylase from Agrobacterium radiobacter NRRL B11291 using T7 and trc promoters, respectively, was found to cause protein aggregates in Escherichia coli. We initiated a systematic study aimed at overproducting these two proteins in a soluble form. As a result, the protein aggregate from carbamoylase overproduction(More)
Development of host microorganisms for heterologous expression of polyketide synthases (PKS) that possess the intrinsic capacity to overproduce polyketides with a broad spectrum of precursors supports the current demand for new tools to create novel chemical structures by combinatorial engineering of modular and other classes of PKS. Streptomyces fradiae is(More)
Chitinases are listed as one class of pathogenesis-related proteins, and they have become a popular research topic because of their resistance to plant-pathogenic diseases. A chitinase with antifungal activity was isolated from the Canadian cranberry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). The procedure included extraction, ammonium sulfate precipitation, affinity(More)
Heavy metals in the reclaimed farmland soils of the Pearl River Estuary in China have attracted much attention because of the health risk posed to local residents. The identification of heavy metal sources in these soils is necessary to reduce their health risk. Reclaimed farmland soil samples were collected from 144 sites in the Pearl River Estuary and the(More)
Combinations of the five polyketide synthase (PKS) genes for biosynthesis of tylosin in Streptomyces fradiae (tylG), spiramycin in Streptomyces ambofaciens (srmG), or chalcomycin in Streptomyces bikiniensis (chmG) were expressed in engineered hosts derived from a tylosin-producing strain of S. fradiae. Surprisingly efficient synthesis of compounds predicted(More)
New 16-membered 9-aryl-alkyl oxime derivatives of 5-O-mycaminosyl-tylonolid (OMT) have recently been prepared and were found to exhibit high activity against macrolide-resistant strains. In this study, we show that these compounds do not affect the binding of tRNAs to ribosomes in a cell-free system derived from Escherichia coli and that they cannot inhibit(More)
Chemobiosynthesis has been used to prepare analogs of erythromycins having unique functional groups at the 15-position. Using diketide thioester feeding to genetically engineered Streptomyces coelicolor, analogs of 6-deoxyerythronolide B were prepared having 15-fluoro, 15-chloro, and 15-azido groups. Bioconversion using a genetically engineered mutant of(More)
Macrolide antibacterial agents inhibit parasite proliferation by targeting the apicoplast ribosome. Motivated by the long-term goal of identifying antiparasitic macrolides that lack antibacterial activity, we have systematically analyzed the structure-activity relationships among erythromycin analogues and have also investigated the mechanism of action of(More)
Infrared (IR) vibrational spectroscopy of acetic acid (A) neutral and ionic monomers and clusters, employing vacuum ultraviolet (VUV), 10.5 eV single photon ionization of supersonically expanded and cooled acetic acid samples, is presented and discussed. Molecular and cluster species are identified by time of flight mass spectroscopy: the major mass(More)
The peroxyacetyl radical (PA, CH3C(O)OO) is generated by flash pyrolysis of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN, CH3C(O)OONO2) in a supersonic jet. The 0(0)(0) A2A' <-- X2A'' electronic transition for PA, at ca. 5582 cm(-1), is detected in a supersonically cooled sample by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy in the CH3CO mass channel. Rotational envelope simulation(More)