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We previously showed that thrombin induces interleukin (IL)-8/CXCL8 expression via the protein kinase C (PKC)α/c-Src-dependent IκB kinase α/β (IKKα/β)/NF-κB signaling pathway in human lung epithelial cells. In this study, we further investigated the roles of Rac1, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and Akt in thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8(More)
To evaluate if low plasma vasopressin and high norepinephrine concentrations predict grave prognosis of sepsis, a prospective sample of consecutive patients visiting the emergency department of a university teaching hospital who met the American College of Chest Physicians criteria of sepsis or severe sepsis was enrolled. Besides septic workup, we measured(More)
BACKGROUND Eradication of Helicobacter pylori has become part of the standard therapy for peptic ulcer. However, the role of H pylori eradication in perforation of peptic ulcers remains controversial. It is unclear whether eradication of the bacterium confers prolonged ulcer remission after simple repair of perforated peptic ulcer. METHODS A systematic(More)
Silibinin is a flavonoid with antihepatotoxic properties and pleiotropic anticancer capabilities. This study investigated silibinin inhibition of cell invasion by down-regulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression, via attenuation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) in IL-6-stimulated LoVo colon cancer cells. Western blot data showed that the(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of ASK1 in PGN-induced C/EBPbeta activation and COX-2 expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages. The PGN-induced COX-2 expression was attenuated by the DNs of ASK1, JNK1, JNK2, a JNK inhibitor (SP600125), and an AP-1 inhibitor (curcumin). PGN caused ASK1 dephosphorylation time-dependently at Ser967, dissociation from the(More)
Thrombin is a multifunctional serine protease and an important fibrotic mediator that induces CCN2 expression. We previously showed that thrombin induces CCN2 expression via an ASK1-dependent JNK/AP-1 pathway in human lung fibroblasts. In this study, we further investigated the roles of c-Src, JAK2, and STAT3 in thrombin-induced CCN2 expression.(More)
Constitutive activation of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway occurs commonly in cancer cells and endothelial cells, and contributes to angiogenesis. Wogonin is a compound with many biologically relevant properties. We previously reported that wogonin blocked IL-6-induced angiogenesis through suppression(More)
INTRODUCTION The lumbar puncture is a well-known neurological procedure. The purpose of this study is to build an accurate mathematical formula to estimate the appropriate depth for inserting a lumbar puncture needle for a beginner. METHODS This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the L-spine. The depth(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning may cause toxicity of the central nervous system and heart. However, the association between CO poisoning and long-term dementia risk remains unestablished. We investigated the incidence of dementia in patients with CO poisoning in Taiwan and evaluated whether they had a higher risk of dementia than did the general(More)
OBJECTIVES The detailed course of mental disorders at the acute and subacute stages of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), especially with regard to recovery from sleep disturbances, has not been well characterised. The aim of this study was to determine the course of depression, anxiety and sleep disturbance, following an mTBI. SETTING We recruited(More)