Learn More
The centerlines of tubular structures are useful for medical image visualization and computer-aided diagnosis applications. They can be effectively extracted by using a thinning algorithm that erodes an object layer by layer until only a skeleton is left. An object point is "simple" and can be safely deleted only if the resultant image is topologically(More)
White matter damage and its contribution to clinical manifestations in patients with dementia have been increasingly recognized. To explore white matter changes in different types of dementia, we examined brain water diffusivity with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We measured fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity of multiple white matter regions in(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are contrast agents used for magnetic resonance imaging. Ferucarbotran is a clinically approved SPIO-coated carboxydextran with a diameter of about 45-60 nm. We investigated the mechanism of cellular uptake of Ferucarbotran with a cell model using the murine macrophage cell line Raw 264.7. We observed a(More)
Our aim in this study was to explore the neural substrates of executive function in frontal and nonfrontal white matter using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We studied the relationship between executive dysfunction and DTI measurements on 13 subjects with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 11 subjects with early Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 16(More)
BACKGROUND Unilateral subthalamotomy has been reported to be effective in the treatment of rigidity, bradykinesia, and tremor of the contralateral limb. However, gait, clinical fluctuation, and postural stability are not significantly improved by unilateral lesioning of the STN in the long term. We sought to determine if bilateral surgery of the STN offers(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor (DT) images can provide information about the nature of white matter changes, including axonal loss and demyelination. We applied DT imaging to verify white matter changes in patients with malignant phenylketonuria (PKU) and to correlate the findings with clinical intelligence quotients (IQs). METHODS We compared DT(More)
PURPOSE Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common focal epilepsy and frequently causes memory problems. It is often associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and is useful in exploring memory functions. We aimed to examine the effect of restricted hippocampal lesions on gist memory function in patients with TLE. METHODS Forty-five patients with TLE(More)
Recent studies of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebral metabolism in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) have demonstrated a regional decrease of CBF and metabolism in the affected hemisphere, which may reflect the neurological status of the patients. Therefore, in the present study, we use stable xenon computed tomography (xenon-CT)(More)
Online teaching files are an important source of educational and referential materials in the radiology community. The commonly used Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) file format of the radiology community is not natively supported by common Web browsers. The ability of the Web server to convert and parse DICOM is important when the(More)