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Hypothalamic hamartomas and gelastic seizures are often associated with cognitive deterioration, behavioral problems, and poor response to anticonvulsant treatment or cortical resections. The origin and pathophysiology of the epileptic attacks are obscure. We investigated 3 patients with this syndrome and frequent gelastic seizures. Ictal single-photon(More)
UNLABELLED Autistic disorder is an early and severe developmental disorder characterized by deficits in verbal and nonverbal language, social skills, cognitive functioning and an abnormal repertoire of behaviors. Current research, however, has failed to identify the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie autism or those cortical brain regions, if any,(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to determine if subthalamotomy is effective in treating advanced Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS The authors performed microelectrode mapping-guided stereotactic surgery on the subthalamic nucleus in eight patients with PD. Lesioning was performed using radiofrequency heat coagulation and confirmed with magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE We compared Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT and MRI with the clinical findings in a case of a 14-year-old boy with post-infectious cerebellitis. RESULTS Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT scan showed marked reduction in perfusion to the left anterior lobe, left lateral hemisphere, and left posterior lobe of the cerebellum. The MRI showed a limited region of(More)
Our aim in this study was to explore the neural substrates of executive function in frontal and nonfrontal white matter using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We studied the relationship between executive dysfunction and DTI measurements on 13 subjects with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 11 subjects with early Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 16(More)
White matter damage and its contribution to clinical manifestations in patients with dementia have been increasingly recognized. To explore white matter changes in different types of dementia, we examined brain water diffusivity with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We measured fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity of multiple white matter regions in(More)
We studied clinical signs, EEGs and ictal cerebral blood flow by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in eight patients with intractable supplementary sensorimotor area (SSMA) seizures. SPECT scans were performed after injection of the regional cerebral blood flow tracer [99mTc]HMPAO (hexametylpropylene amine oxime) early in the ictal phase(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow was studied in a patient with Munchausen syndrome using high resolution Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT. The scan demonstrated marked hyperperfusion of the right hemithalamus. The cranial CT scan was normal. The abnormal right hemithalamic blood flow is discussed in relation to the hypothesized neuropathy of this disorder.
BACKGROUND Arterial dissection involving cervicocranial arteries usually results in ischemia or SAH. This study correlated the clinical manifestations, image characteristics, and outcome of arterial dissection and compared the differences between arterial dissection of anterior and posterior circulation at our institute. METHODS Clinical symptoms and(More)