Learn More
OBJECTIVE Interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows neurosurgeons to interactively perform surgery using MRI guidance. High-field strength (1.5-T) imaging permits exceptional observation of intracranial and spinal pathological features. The development of this technology and its application to a variety of neurosurgical procedures are(More)
Hypothalamic hamartomas and gelastic seizures are often associated with cognitive deterioration, behavioral problems, and poor response to anticonvulsant treatment or cortical resections. The origin and pathophysiology of the epileptic attacks are obscure. We investigated 3 patients with this syndrome and frequent gelastic seizures. Ictal single-photon(More)
All image-guided neurosurgical systems that we are aware of assume that the head and its contents behave as a rigid body. It is important to measure intraoperative brain deformation (brain shift) to provide some indication of the application accuracy of image-guided surgical systems, and also to provide data to develop and validate nonrigid registration(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to determine if subthalamotomy is effective in treating advanced Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS The authors performed microelectrode mapping-guided stereotactic surgery on the subthalamic nucleus in eight patients with PD. Lesioning was performed using radiofrequency heat coagulation and confirmed with magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND Interventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allows neurosurgeons to interactively perform surgery using MR guidance. High-field (1.5-Tesla) strength imaging provides exceptional visualization of intracranial and spinal pathology. The full capabilities of this technology for pediatric neurosurgery have not been defined or determined. (More)
PURPOSE We compared Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT and MRI with the clinical findings in a case of a 14-year-old boy with post-infectious cerebellitis. RESULTS Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT scan showed marked reduction in perfusion to the left anterior lobe, left lateral hemisphere, and left posterior lobe of the cerebellum. The MRI showed a limited region of(More)
We retrospectively compared the costs and benefits of brain tumor resection in the conventional operating room (cOR) with the interventional magnetic resonance (iMR) suite from 1993-1998. Comparisons were made for adults (diagnosis-related group (DRG) 001) and children (DRG 003) for length of stay (LOS), hospital charges and payments, hospital total direct(More)
White matter damage and its contribution to clinical manifestations in patients with dementia have been increasingly recognized. To explore white matter changes in different types of dementia, we examined brain water diffusivity with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We measured fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity of multiple white matter regions in(More)
UNLABELLED Autistic disorder is an early and severe developmental disorder characterized by deficits in verbal and nonverbal language, social skills, cognitive functioning and an abnormal repertoire of behaviors. Current research, however, has failed to identify the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie autism or those cortical brain regions, if any,(More)