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The 5' leader (Omega) of tobacco mosaic viral RNA functions as a translational enhancer. Sequence analysis of a 102-kD protein, identified previously as a specific Omega RNA-binding protein, revealed homology to the HSP101/HSP104/ClpB family of heat shock proteins and its expression in yeast complemented a thermotolerance defect caused by a deletion of the(More)
Poly(A)-binding protein (PAB) binds to the poly(A) tail of most eukaryotic mRNAs and influences its translational efficiency as well as its stability. Although the primary structure of PAB is well conserved in eukaryotes, its functional conservation across species has not been extensively investigated. In order to determine whether PAB from a monocot plant(More)
Several translation initiation factors in mammals and yeast are regulated by phosphorylation. The phosphorylation state of these factors is subject to alteration during development, environmental stress (heat shock, starvation, or heme deprivation), or viral infection. The phosphorylation state and the effect of changes in phosphorylation of the translation(More)
The translation initiation factors (eIF) 4B and eIF2 are phosphoproteins whose phosphorylation state differs between mature seed and leaves. We examined the isoforms of eIF4B and the alpha and beta subunits of eIF2 during the development and germination of wheat seed to determine whether the differences in their phosphorylation state are because of(More)
The 5'-cap and the poly(A) tail act synergistically to increase the translational efficiency of eukaryotic mRNAs, which suggests that these two mRNA elements communicate during translation. We report here that the cap-associated eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs), i. e. the two isoforms of the cap-binding complex (eIF-4F and eIF-iso4F) and eIF-4B, bind to(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 3 (eIF3) is a multisubunit complex that is required for binding of mRNA to 40 S ribosomal subunits, stabilization of ternary complex binding to 40 S subunits, and dissociation of 40 and 60 S subunits. These functions and the complex nature of eIF3 suggest multiple interactions with many components of the translational machinery.(More)
The poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) interacts with the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4G (or eIFiso4G), the large subunit of eIF4F (or eIFiso4F) to promote translation initiation. In plants, PABP also interacts with eIF4B, a factor that assists eIF4F function. PABP is a phosphoprotein, although the function of its phosphorylation has not been previously(More)
We have developed a class of binding proteins, called avimers, to overcome the limitations of antibodies and other immunoglobulin-based therapeutic proteins. Avimers are evolved from a large family of human extracellular receptor domains by in vitro exon shuffling and phage display, generating multidomain proteins with binding and inhibitory properties.(More)
Translational activity in plants undergoes rapid changes during developmental stages such as seed formation and germination, and during abiotic stresses such as heat shock, hypoxia and wounding. We examined the protein levels and isoelectric state of two components of the translation machinery, elongation factor (EF) 1 alpha and 2, to determine their roles(More)
Poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) is an RNA-binding protein that binds specifically to the poly(A) tail of messenger RNAs in eukaryotes. The PABP/poly(A) tail complex has been implicated as being important in promoting the efficient initiation of translation as well as in maintaining the integrity of the mRNA. PABP binds poly(A) cooperatively with a packing(More)