Hon Ki Tsang

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We propose the use of subwavelength structures in a waveguide grating to achieve polarization-independent coupling of light between an optical fiber and a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) optical waveguide. The subwavelength structure allows the mode effective indices of the TE and TM modes in the grating section to be precisely engineered. We calculate that(More)
The integration of passive optical network (PON) and radio-over-fiber (ROF) networks could provide broadband services for both fixed and mobile users in a single and low-cost platform. Combining the long-reach (LR)-PON (>100 km) and the LR-ROF can further reduce the cost by simplifying the network architecture, sharing the same optical components and(More)
We propose and demonstrate label encoding-swapping and transmission for an orthogonally labeled packet by use of a 10-Gbit/s amplitude shift keying payload and a 2.5-Gbit/s polarization shift keying (PolSK) label. A simple scheme for demodulating and demultiplexing the PolSK label based on an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode is described. The(More)
We describe the use of two-photon absorption in submicron silicon wire waveguides for all-optical switching by cross-absorption modulation. Optical pulses of 3.2 ps were successfully converted from high power pump to low power continuous-wave signal with a fast recovery time. High speed operation was based on the induced optical absorption from(More)
The switching speed of conventional silicon-based optical switching devices based on plasma dispersion effect is limited by the lifetime of free carriers which introduce either phase or absorption changes. Here we report an all-optical logic NOR gate which does not rely on free carriers but instead uses two-photon absorption. High speed operation was(More)
We study whether helium ion implantation can reduce the carrier lifetime and thus reduce the density of two-photon-absorption-generated free carriers. Our experiments and theoretical model show that helium ion implantation into silicon waveguides can successfully reduce the free-carrier losses and allow net gain to be attained by cw-pumped stimulated Raman(More)
A mid-infrared (mid-IR)-focusing subwavelength grating (SWG) coupler and suspended membrane waveguide (SMW) on a silicon-on-insulator wafer are studied. For a transverse-electric mode uniform SWG, finite-difference time-domain simulation predicts 44.2% coupling efficiency with 1 dB bandwidth of about 220 nm and backreflection of 0.78% at 2.75 μm. Then the(More)
We propose and demonstrate broadband focusing grating couplers for suspended-membrane waveguides on silicon-on-insulator both in near-infrared (near-IR) and in mid-IR wavelength range. Finite-difference time-domain simulation predicts ∼100  nm 3 dB bandwidth with -1.7  dB coupling efficiency for an apodized grating in near-IR. -3.5  dB maximum coupling(More)
In this work, we experimentally demonstrate a bi-directional transmission link using light emitting diode (LED) visible light communication (VLC) for both downlink and uplink paths. Time-division-duplex (TDD) is proposed and demonstrated to significantly eliminate the reflection interference in VLC. A free space bi-directional transmission of 2 m using(More)
We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel subwavelength grating coupler on silicon-on-insulator, for coupling to optical fibers with a wide optical bandwidth. Theoretical analysis and design optimization of the coupler are described. About 73 nm 1 dB bandwidth was experimentally demonstrated with -5.6  dB coupling efficiency. Better than -3.4  dB(More)