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The therapeutic effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on brain infarction area (BIA) and neurological status in a rat model of acute ischemic stroke (IS) was investigated. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 30) were divided into IS plus intra-venous 1 mL saline (at 0, 12 and 24 h after IS induction) (control group) and IS plus(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac rupture, an uncommon yet catastrophic complication after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), has been studied primarily in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic therapy eras but not in the direct percutaneous coronary intervention (d-PCI) reperfusion therapy era. The aim of this study was to delineate the incidence, potential risks, timing(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that autologous transplantation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) can effectively attenuate acute pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 24) were equally randomized into group 1 (sham control), group 2 (IR plus culture medium only), and group 3 (IR plus(More)
INTRODUCTION Erythropoietin (EPO) enhances the circulating level of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which has been reported to be associated with prognostic outcome in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time course of circulating EPC level and the impact of EPO therapy on EPC level and clinical outcome in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Women have had a higher early mortality rate than men after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic eras. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to significantly improve survival of patients with AMI, and to be superior to thrombolytic therapy in terms of immediate restoration of normal(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests that no-reflow reperfusion after direct percutaneous coronary intervention (d-PCI) is associated with an unfavorable clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether prerevascularization angiographic morphologic features of infarct-related arteries (IRAs) and timely reperfusion could convey information(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) migrate from bone marrow to systemic circulation in response to tissue ischemia where they differentiate into mature endothelial cells for angiogenesis in situ. This study tested the hypothesis that the level of circulating EPCs is substantially increased and predictive of prognostic outcomes after(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that exendin-4 and sitagliptin can effectively protect kidney from acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Adult SD-rats (n = 48) equally divided into group 1 (sham control), group 2 (IR injury), group 3 [IR + sitagliptin 600 mg/kg at post-IR 1, 24, 48 hr)], and group 4 [IR + exendin-4 10 μm/kg at 1 hr after procedure] were(More)
This study investigated whether melatonin-treated adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) offered superior protection against acute lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 30) were randomized equally into five groups: sham controls, lung IR-saline, lung IR-melatonin, lung IR-melatonin-normal ADMSC, and lung(More)
Increased platelet activity plays a key role in atherothrombotic events. Persistent platelet activity has been reported in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following myocardial infarction and in the chronic phase after ischemic stroke. However, platelet activity in patients with AF remains clear. This study investigated platelet reactivity (expressed(More)