Hon Fai Choi

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Current ultrasound methods for measuring myocardial strain are often limited to measurements in one or two dimensions. Cardiac motion and deformation however are truly 3-D. With the introduction of matrix transducer technology, 3-D ultrasound imaging of the heart has become feasible but suffers from low temporal and spatial resolution, making 3-D strain(More)
This paper describes a fast convolution-based methodology for simulating ultrasound images in a 2-D/3-D sector format as typically used in cardiac ultrasound. The conventional convolution model is based on the assumption of a space-invariant point spread function (PSF) and typically results in linear images. These characteristics are not representative for(More)
Passive filling is a major determinant for the pump performance of the left ventricle and is determined by the filling pressure and the ventricular compliance. In the quantification of the passive mechanical behaviour of the left ventricle and its compliance, focus has been mainly on fiber orientation and constitutive parameters. Although it has been shown(More)
Fish swimming is probably one of the most studied and best understood locomotor behaviors in vertebrates. However, many fish also actively exploit sediments. Because of their elongate body shape, anguilliform fishes are not only efficient swimmers but also very maneuverable. Consequently, many species live in complexly structured environments near the(More)
Skeletal muscles are characterized by a large diversity in anatomical architecture and function. Muscle force and contraction are generated by contractile fiber cells grouped in fascicle bundles, which transmit the mechanical action between origin and insertion attachments of the muscle. Therefore, an adequate representation of fascicle arrangements in(More)
Left-ventricular remodeling is considered to be an important mechanism of disease progression leading to mechanical dysfunction of the heart. However, the interaction between the physiological changes in the remodeling process and the associated mechanical dysfunction is still poorly understood. Clinically, it has been observed that the left ventricle often(More)
Automatic quantification of regional left ventricular deformation in volumetric ultrasound data remains challenging. Many methods have been proposed to extract myocardial motion, including techniques using block matching, phase-based correlation, differential optical flow methods, and image registration. Our lab previously presented an approach based on(More)
A local description of the shape of the left ventricle is relevant in assessing the process of adverse ventricular remodeling, associated with most cardiac pathologies, and in monitoring reverse remodeling by therapy. To quantify local shape of the left ventricle, one can calculate the curvature of its epicardial or endocardial surface. The 3D geometry of(More)
When imaging the heart, good temporal resolution is beneficial for capturing the information of short-lived cardiac phases (in particular, the isovolumetric phases). To increase the frame rate, parallel beamforming is a commonly used technique for fast cardiac imaging. Conventionally, a 4 multiple-line-acquisition (4MLA) system increases the frame rate by a(More)
Left-ventricular shape is an important determinant of regional wall mechanics during passive filling. To examine the influence of left-ventricular shape for the ejection phase, the distribution of active fiber stress at the beginning of ejection was calculated in a finite element study. Hereto, finite element models were constructed with varying(More)