Hon Cheung Lee

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Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) are two Ca(2+) messengers derived from NAD and NADP, respectively. Although NAADP is a linear molecule, structurally distinct from the cyclic cADPR, it is synthesized by similar enzymes, ADP-ribosyl cyclase and its homolog, CD38. The crystal structure of the cyclase has been(More)
CD38 is a 42-kilodalton glycoprotein expressed extensively on B and T lymphocytes. CD38 exhibits a structural homology to Aplysia adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosyl cyclase. This enzyme catalyzes the synthesis of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a metabolite of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) with calcium-mobilizing activity. A complementary DNA(More)
It has been suggested that hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion after lamivudine therapy is durable in Caucasians with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, little is known whether it is also durable in endemic areas of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We evaluated the posttreatment durability of lamivudine-induced HBeAg seroconversion and the(More)
We have previously shown that alkaline treatment of NADP generates a derivative which can mobilize Ca2+ from sea urchin egg homogenates (Clapper, D. L., Walseth, T. F., Dargie, P. J., and Lee, H. C. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 9561-9568). In this study, the active derivative was purified and shown by high pressure liquid chromatography to be distinct from(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) is the primary hormone that mediates plant responses to stresses such as cold, drought, and salinity. Single-cell microinjection experiments in tomato were used to identify possible intermediates involved in ABA signal transduction. Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) was identified as a signaling molecule in the ABA response and was shown to(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase catalyzes the cyclization of NAD+ to produce cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), which is emerging as an endogenous regulator of the Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release mechanism in cells. CD38 is a lymphocyte differentiation antigen which has recently been shown to be a bifunctional enzyme that can synthesize cADPR from NAD+ as well as hydrolyze cADPR(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory function is impaired in the target tissues of patients with mitochondrial diseases and declines with age in various human tissues. It is generally accepted that respiratory-chain defects result in enhanced production of reactive oxygen species and free radicals in mitochondria. Recently, we have demonstrated that the copy number of(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a naturally occurring metabolite of NAD+ that is as potent as inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) in mobilizing Ca2+ in sea urchin eggs. Previous pharmacological evidence suggests that cADPR acts through a system similar to the Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). Here I showed that in the presence of low concentrations of cADPR(More)
Cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR) is a potent endogenous calcium-mobilizing agent synthesized from beta-NAD+ by ADP-ribosyl cyclases in sea urchin eggs and in several mammalian cells (Galione, A., and White, A. (1994) Trends Cell Biol. 4, 431 436). Pharmacological studies suggest that cADPR is an endogenous modulator of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release(More)
Mitochondria are the major ATP producer of the mammalian cell. Moreover, mitochondria are also the main intracellular source and target of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are continually generated as by-products of aerobic metabolism in human cells. A low level of ROS generated from the respiratory chain was recently proposed to take part in the(More)