Homero Martinez

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PURPOSE To evaluate the total fluid intake from drinking water and beverages in adult populations from different countries and assess the percentage of individuals complying with the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) adequate intake (AI) of water from fluids. METHODS A total of 16,276 adults (7580 men and 8696 women) aged between 18 and 70 years (mean(More)
In rural Mexico and in many developing countries micronutrient deficiencies, growth stunting, and morbidity from infectious diseases are highly prevalent in young children. We assessed the extent to which growth stunting could be reversed and the number of infectious disease episodes reduced by zinc and/or iron supplementation. In a double-blind, randomized(More)
INTRODUCTION Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is commonly used to remove bile-duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively investigated complications and mortality of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between june 6, 1998 and june 6, 1999 553 ERCP were performed in our centers. Inclusion criteria for(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess how park characteristics and demographic factors are associated with park use. METHODS We studied a diverse sample of parks in a Southern California metropolitan area in 2006-2008 representing a variety of racial and ethnic communities of different socioeconomic strata. We surveyed 51 park directors, 4257 park users and local(More)
BACKGROUND In developing countries, incomplete resolution of anemia with iron supplementation is often attributed to poor compliance or inadequate duration of supplementation, but it could result from deficiencies of other micronutrients. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess children's hematologic response to supervised, long-term iron supplementation(More)
BACKGROUND The burden of cardiovascular disease is growing in the Mesoamerican region. Patients' disease self-management is an important contributor to control of cardiovascular disease. Few studies have explored factors that facilitate and inhibit disease self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension in urban settings in the region.(More)
Real outcomes for the inguinal tension-free Lichtenstein hernioplasty are not reflected by the usual parameters by which they are measured and habitually reported. It is possible to measure these outcomes from the point of view of the surgeon, as well as from the patient’s, using an instrument specifically designed for that purpose. The aim of this study(More)
Reported are the results of an analysis of mortality trends from diarrhoeal diseases among under-5-year-olds in Mexico between 1978 and 1993 in relation to the impact of education, basic sanitation, and selected medical care practices. The study period was divided into three stages; the first pre-dated the widespread application of oral rehydration therapy(More)
PURPOSE To describe the intake of water and all other fluids and to evaluate the proportion of adults exceeding the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations on energy intake from free sugar, solely from fluids. METHODS A total of 16,276 adults (46 % men, mean age 39.8 years) were recruited in 13 countries from 3 continents. A 24-h fluid-specific(More)