Homer Drae Venters

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Heightened expression of both a proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and a survival peptide, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), occurs in diverse diseases of the central nervous system, including Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, the AIDS-dementia complex, and cerebral ischemia. Conventional roles for these two(More)
In order to provide additional insight into the in vivo significance of serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] in inflammation, we examined its effect on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-1 receptor antagonist in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).(More)
As the number and diversity of Africans in the U.S. increases, there is a growing need to assess their health care needs and practices. Although infectious diseases have been a traditional point of contact between health care systems and African immigrants, there is a clear and unmet need to determine the risks and prevalence for chronic diseases. This(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to better understand acts of self-harm among inmates in correctional institutions. METHODS We analyzed data from medical records on 244 699 incarcerations in the New York City jail system from January 1, 2010, through January 31, 2013. RESULTS In 1303 (0.05%) of these incarcerations, 2182 acts of self-harm were committed, (103(More)
PURPOSE Relatively little is known about the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among adolescents who come into contact with the criminal justice system. METHODS We undertook screening for TBI among newly admitted adolescents in the New York City jail system using a validated TBI screening tool. A convenience sample of 300 male and 84 female(More)
The p55 receptor for the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is best characterized by its ability to induce signals that trigger cell death. However, this is not the only way in which this TNF receptor kills neurons. A new view of neurodegeneration has recently emerged in which a TNF receptor induces death through the 'silencing(More)
African immigrants represent a rapidly expanding group of immigrants in the United States. In New York City, Africans constitute the fastest growing segment of immigrants but the needs and practices of African immigrants in the U.S. remain poorly understood. A community based organization (CBO) serving African immigrants in Staten Island, NY began a health(More)
OBJECTIVES Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an important cause of morbidity among incarcerated women and female sex workers (FSW). Little is known about FSW incarcerated in New York City (NYC) jails. We reviewed jail health records to identify the STI and HIV prevalence among newly incarcerated FSW in NYC jails. We also examined the relationship(More)