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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) provide an advantageous alternative therapeutic option for bone regeneration in comparison to current treatment modalities. However, delivering MSCs to the defect site while maintaining a high MSC survival rate is still a critical challenge in MSC-mediated bone regeneration. Here, we tested the bone regeneration capacity of(More)
Tendon injuries are often associated with significant dysfunction and disability due to tendinous tissue's very limited self-repair capacity and propensity for scar formation. Dental-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with appropriate scaffold material present an alternative therapeutic option for tendon repair/regeneration that may be(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus type 1 (EBV-1) are frequently detected in human periodontitis lesions. However, no information is available on the types of gingival cells infected by herpesviruses. The present study determined the presence of herpesviruses in polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages and T and B lymphocytes(More)
Recently, it has been shown that tethered anti-BMP2 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can trap BMP ligands and thus provide BMP inductive signals for osteo-differentiation of progenitor cells. The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a co-delivery system based on murine anti-BMP2 mAb-loaded alginate microspheres encapsulating human bone marrow(More)
Bone regeneration often requires harvesting of autologous bone with significant potential morbidity and cost. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2 has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for specific regenerative indications. However, administration of exogenous growth factors has many drawbacks. The objective of the(More)
This investigation tested the hypothesis that hypnosis can differentially modulate T-cell subsets, and that this effect is mediated by changes in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) mediators. Seven healthy, highly hypnotizable volunteers participated in three one-day sessions, a baseline and two intervention sessions. Hypnosis intervention entailed a(More)
The host immune system is known to influence mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-mediated bone tissue regeneration. However, the therapeutic capacity of hydrogel biomaterial to modulate the interplay between MSCs and T-lymphocytes is unknown. Here it is shown that encapsulating hydrogel affects this interplay when used to encapsulate MSCs for implantation by(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of murine anti-BMP-2 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) immobilized on an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) to mediate de novo bone formation, a process termed antibody-mediated osseous regeneration (AMOR). The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy of a newly generated chimeric anti-BMP-2 mAb in mediating(More)
The pathogenic bacterium Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans expresses a leukotoxin (Ltx) and cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) with cytolytic properties. CDT also has cytostatic properties, inducing a G2 cell cycle block. The extent of the contribution of these, as well as other toxins, to the cytolytic and cytostatic activities of this microorganism have(More)