Holly Wilkins

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A well recognized feature of the immune response to parasitic helminth infections, including schistosomiasis, is the production of large amounts of specific and nonspecific IgE1,2. Immunological pathways involving IgE can lead to damage to the developing schistosomulum and it has been suggested that responses involving IgE could have evolved as protection(More)
The seasonality of malaria transmission was studied in a Gambian village situated in an area where rice was cultivated. Observations were made during two dry seasons, when pump-fed irrigation was used to grow rice, and in the intervening rainy season, when rice was cultivated using a combination of irrigated and rain-fed paddies. Clinical episodes of(More)
The process of reinfection after treatment was studied in a cohort of subjects in a focus of intense Schistosoma haematobium infection. Detailed observations were made at water contact sites of cercarial densities and of water contact by members of the cohort. Individual values of a cumulative index of exposure to infection were calculated using these(More)
Variation in exposure of children to malaria vectors of the Anopheles gambiae complex was recorded in a Gambian village situated near an irrigated area of rice cultivation. Observations were made in 1987 and 1988 during two dry seasons, when pumped water was used to grow rice, and two rainy seasons, when rice was produced using a combination of irrigated(More)
We have measured the levels of infection with Schistosoma haematobium in children resident in an endemic area of The Gambia before and 3 months after successful chemotherapy and following reinfection. An exposure index was calculated from data collected on water contact, cercarial densities and infected snail densities at water contact sites. Peripheral(More)
Alternative regimes for the treatment of Schistosoma haematobium infection were compared in two trials. Praziquantel at a dose of 40 mg kg-1 appeared to cure 63% of a random sample of heavily infected subjects; significantly more than the 18% cured by three fortnightly doses of metrifonate at 10 mg kg-1. However, praziquantel led to a greater incidence of(More)
During a three-year period of effective control of Schistosoma haematobium transmission by molluscicide application the mean number of S. haematobium ova passed by subjects in the treated area fell in an exponential manner which suggested that the mean life span of the worm was 3.4 years. Parallel observations were made in a similar but untreated area. A(More)
Niclosamide was used to interrupt transmission of Schistosoma haematobium by Bulinus senegalensis in seasonal rainwater pools for a period of three years. Snail populations were progressively reduced to approximately 1% of the numbers in untreated pools. There was little or no evidence of acquisition of new infection by children in the area during the(More)
This study investigated the effects of isokinetic concentric training on isokinetic concentric and eccentric torque outputs. Sixteen female subjects (mean age in years +/- SE = 21 +/- 1) were randomly assigned to either a training or a control group. Concentric and eccentric torques of the right knee extensors were assessed at 1.05rad.s-1 using a KinCom(More)