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Titin is a very large alternatively spliced protein that performs multiple functions in heart and skeletal muscles. A rat strain is described with an autosomal dominant mutation that alters the isoform expression of titin. While wild type animals go through a developmental program where the 3.0 MDa N2B becomes the major isoform expressed by two to three(More)
Recent studies have shown that the sequence and timing of mechanical activation of myocardium vary across the ventricular wall. However, the contributions of variable expression of myofilament protein isoforms in mediating the timing of myocardial activation in ventricular systole are not well understood. To assess the functional consequences of transmural(More)
The rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) worldwide underscores an urgent need to identify biomarkers for the early detection of CHF. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are associated with many critical signaling events during disease progression and thus offer a plethora of candidate biomarkers. We have employed a top-down(More)
Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms are principal determinants of work capacity in mammalian ventricular myocardium. The ventricles of large mammals including humans normally express ∼10% α-MHC on a predominantly β-MHC background, while in failing human ventricles α-MHC is virtually eliminated, suggesting that low-level α-MHC expression in normal myocardium(More)
Skeletal muscle wasting and impaired muscle function in response to mechanical ventilation and immobilization in intensive care unit (ICU) patients are clinically challenging partly due to 1) the poorly understood intricate cellular and molecular networks and 2) the unavailability of an animal model mimicking this condition. By employing a unique porcine(More)
Acute quadriplegic myopathy (AQM) is a common debilitating acquired disorder in critically ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients that is characterized by tetraplegia/generalized weakness of limb and trunk muscles. Masticatory muscles, on the other hand, are typically spared or less affected, yet the mechanisms underlying this striking muscle-specific(More)
The muscle wasting associated with long-term intensive care unit (ICU) treatment has a negative effect on muscle function resulting in prolonged periods of rehabilitation and a decreased quality of life. To identify mechanisms behind this form of muscle wasting, we have used a rat model designed to mimic the conditions in an ICU. Rats were pharmacologically(More)
The ventricles of small mammals express mostly alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC), a fast isoform, whereas the ventricles of large mammals, including humans, express approximately 10% alpha-MHC on a predominately beta-MHC (slow isoform) background. In failing human ventricles, the amount of alpha-MHC is dramatically reduced, leading to the hypothesis that(More)
The dramatic muscle wasting, preferential loss of myosin and impaired muscle function in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute quadriplegic myopathy (AQM) have traditionally been suggested to be the result of proteolysis via specific proteolytic pathways. In this study we aim to investigate the mechanisms underlying the preferential loss of thick(More)
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