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Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1; IDO) mediates oxidative cleavage of tryptophan, an amino acid essential for cell proliferation and survival. IDO1 inhibition is proposed to have therapeutic potential in immunodeficiency-associated abnormalities, including cancer. Here, we describe INCB024360, a novel IDO1 inhibitor, and investigate its roles in(More)
BACKGROUND Blockade of immune inhibitory pathways is emerging as an important therapeutic modality for the treatment of cancer. Single agent treatments have partial anti-tumor activity in preclinical models and in human cancer patients. Inasmuch as the tumor microenvironment shows evidence of multiple immune inhibitory mechanisms present concurrently, it(More)
The role of angiogenesis inhibition in the antitumor activity of recombinant murine interleukin 12 (rmIL-12) was studied in K1735 murine melanomas, the growth of which is rapidly and markedly suppressed by rmIL-12 treatment. On the basis of the prediction that tumor ischemia should result from therapeutic angiogenesis inhibition, tumor cell hypoxia was(More)
Pharmacological inhibition of the oncogenic PI3Kδ pathway has been shown to be efficacious in patients with hematopoietic malignancies. However, its therapeutic application in patients with solid tumors has not yet been tested. Recently, genetic inactivation of PI3Kδ in mice was shown to delay the growth of solid tumors, resulting from the inactivation of(More)
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