Holly J. Willis

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Some studies suggest high-fiber foods are more satiating than foods with little or no fiber. However, we hypothesized that certain types of dietary fiber may enhance satiety more than others. Healthy men and women (N = 20) participated in this acute, randomized double-blind, crossover study comparing the effects of 4 fibers and a low-fiber (LF) treatment on(More)
We examined the most effective method of boar exposure for the attainment of puberty in 89 gilts. At 160 days of age, we allocated gilts to daily direct contact with a vasectomized boar after movement of pen groups of gilts to a detection-mating area (DGB: n = 30); daily direct contact with boars in the gilt home pens (DBG: n = 31); or daily fenceline(More)
Two hundred sixteen prepubertal Genex Manor hybrid F1 gilts were used to determine the impact of lean growth rate on sexual development of gilts. This study was composed of two experiments (Exp. 1 and Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, at approximately 96 d of age and 54 kg weight, gilts were allocated with respect to growth rate and litter origin to one of two dietary(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine factors affecting the reproductive performance of primiparous sows early weaned (EW; n = 35) at d 14 or conventionally weaned (CW; n = 35) at d 24 of lactation. Sow BW and backfat were recorded at farrowing, weekly until weaning, and at standing heat. Feed intake was controlled throughout lactation to(More)
Historically, measurement of gastrointestinal transit time has required collection and X-raying of faecal samples for up to 7 d after swallowing radio-opaque markers; a tedious, labour-intensive technique for both subjects and investigators. Recently, a wireless motility capsule (SmartPill®), which uses gut pH, pressure and temperature to measure transit(More)
Administration of morphine to ten suckled and nine zero-weaned (piglets removed immediately after farrowing) sows was used to investigate the apparent absence of opioid regulation of LH and prolactin secretion in early lactation. Blood samples were collected at 10 min intervals at 24-30, 48-54, 72-78 h post partum, and for a 12 h period from 08:00 to 20:00(More)
To explore the feasibility and sensitivity of a new technology for measuring gastric emptying time (GET) in appetite research, and also to compare appetite after subjects consumed macronutrient- and fiber-matched liquid and solid meals. Fourteen women (BMI of 21.2 ± 0.3) participated in this randomized, crossover study. On two separate days, fasted subjects(More)
BACKGROUND People who eat more fiber often have a lower body weight than people who eat less fiber. The mechanism for this relationship has been explained, in part, by increased satiety, which may occur as a result of changes in appetite-suppressing gut hormone levels, and decreases in food intake at subsequent meals. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that(More)
This study determined effects of treatment with the endogenous opioid peptide (EOP) antagonist naloxone on LH and prolactin (PRL) secretion in late gestation, as well as possible relationships between LH and progesterone secretion. Ten sows of mixed parity were sampled via indwelling jugular vein catheters for two periods of 12 h (0600-1800 h) on Days 107(More)
Conventional wisdom suggests that fiber consumption leads to lower postprandial glucose and insulin response. We hypothesized that increasing doses of mixed, viscous fiber would lower glucose and insulin levels in a dose-dependent manner. Healthy men (n = 10) and women (n = 10) with a body mass index of 24 ± 2 (mean ± SEM) participated in this double-blind,(More)