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Transitory global cerebral ischaemia induced in rats by four vessel occlusion for 15 min produced substantial loss of CA1 cells in dorsal hippocampus, and minimal damage in other intra- and extrahippocampal forebrain regions examined. Ischaemic rats showed long-lasting deficits in spatial navigation in the water-maze, consisting of impaired learning to(More)
When animals are exposed to a stimulus that has no consequences they are subsequently impaired in learning that this stimulus predicts an important event, such as footshock. This retarding effect of stimulus pre-exposure is called latent inhibition (LI) and is reliably disrupted by amphetamine, antipsychotics having an opposite effect. The present(More)
  • H Hodges
  • 1996
Open mazes are primarily designed to measure place learning and memory, using environmental visuospatial cues. However, maze tasks differ along many dimensions, including (1) types of apparatus, which vary from arenas (water maze: WM) to highly structured routes (radial-arm maze: RAM); (2) availability of visuospatial, associative or sensory cues; (3) task(More)
Spatial deficits were assessed in male Wistar rats which had undergone 4 vessel occlusion for 5, 10, 15 or 30 min. Relationships between the extent of brain damage, the duration of 4-vessel occlusion, and the behavioural impairment consequent upon ischaemia were investigated. Starting 13-18 days after occlusion, rats were trained to find a hidden platform(More)
Functional effects of fetal hippocampal field grafts were assessed in rats with spatial learning and memory impairments following global cerebral ischaemia. Experiment 1 examined effects of grafts dissected from fields CA1 and CA3 at embryonic day 19 and from the dentate gyrus at postnatal day 1. Cell suspensions (15,000 cells/site) were implanted(More)
4-Amino-2-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-5-(2,3,5-trichlorophenyl)pyrimidine (BW619C89) is a sodium channel antagonist which when administered parenterally reduces neurological deficit and infarct volume after middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. We have investigated whether BW619C89 administered orally before middle cerebral artery occlusion is(More)
The separate and combined effects of lesions to the forebrain cholinergic projections system (FCPS) and to dopamine (DA) terminals in the nucleus accumbens (n.acc) were assessed in two water maze tasks: (1) standard acquisition using two trials/day with a 10 min intertrial interval (ITI) for 15 days with the platform in the same position and (2) a working(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Grafts of MHP36 cells have previously been shown to reduce dysfunction after global ischemia in rats. To test their efficacy after focal ischemia, MHP36 cells were grafted 2 to 3 weeks after transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats. METHODS MHP36 cells were implanted into the hemisphere contralateral(More)
The effects of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, WAY-100579 and ondansetron (both at doses of 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1 mg/kg SC) and the muscarinic receptor agonist arecoline (1.0 mg/kg SC), on spatial learning and memory in the water maze were examined in rats after combined S-AMPA lesions to the nucleus basalis and medial septal brain regions. Lesioned rats(More)
Transient global cerebral ischaemia in rats causes relatively circumscribed and specific damage to the CA1 pyramidal cells of the dorsal hippocampus, along with a cognitive deficit manifest as difficulties in the performance of a range of spatial learning and memory tasks. Our previous studies have shown that restoration of behavioural performance in(More)