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BACKGROUND Bereavement is a universal experience, and its association with excess morbidity and mortality is well established. Nevertheless, grief becomes a serious health concern for a relative few. For such individuals, intense grief persists, is distressing and disabling, and may meet criteria as a distinct mental disorder. At present, grief is not(More)
Certain symptoms of grief have been shown (a) to be distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety, and (b) to predict long-term functional impairments. We termed these symptoms of "complicated grief" and developed the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) to assess them. Data were derived from 97 conjugally bereaved elders who completed the ICG,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to determine whether a set of symptoms interpreted as complicated grief could be identified and distinguished from bereavement-related depression and whether the presence of complicated grief would predict enduring functional impairments. METHOD Data were derived from a study group of 82 recently widowed elderly individuals(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that symptoms of traumatic grief constitute a distinct syndrome worthy of diagnosis. AIMS A consensus conference aimed to develop and test a criteria set for traumatic grief. METHOD The expert panel proposed consensus criteria for traumatic grief. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analyses tested the performance of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Research has shown that symptoms of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD, formerly called Complicated Grief) are distinct from those of depression and anxiety, and have incremental validity in that they predict impairments in functioning, independent of depression and anxiety. This study sought to replicate these findings using a prospective design, a(More)
In this paper, we contend that complicated grief (CG) constitutes a distinct psychopathological diagnostic entity and thus warrants a place in standardized psychiatric diagnostic taxonomies. CG is characterized by a unique pattern of symptoms following bereavement that are typically slow to resolve and can persist for years if left untreated. This paper(More)
The authors evaluated the association between bereaved persons' perceptions of the death (e.g., extent of suffering) and preparedness for the death and psychiatric disorders. The sample was 122 persons who received a baseline interview at approximately 4 months post-loss and a follow-up interview 5 months later, at approximately 9 months post-loss. In(More)
Many topics in aging research address questions about group differences in prediction. Such questions can be viewed in terms of interaction or moderator effects, and use of appropriate methods to test these hypotheses are necessary to arrive at accurate conclusions about age differences. This article discusses the conceptual, methodological, and statistical(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared the relative influence of childhood and adulthood adversities on current diagnoses of Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Traumatic Grief (TG) among recently widowed older adults. METHOD Eighty-five widowed persons were interviewed at a median of 4 months after their loss. The logistic(More)