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The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is central to intracellular Ca 2+ regulation during excitation–contraction (E-C) coupling in mammalian cardiac tissue. The importance of the SR to E-C coupling in lower vertebrates is less certain. This uncertainty can be attributed, in part, to the temperature-dependency of the SR Ca 2+-release channel and to interspecific(More)
Ultrastructure, molecular composition and electrophysiological properties of cardiac myocytes and functional characteristics of the fish heart suggest that cycling of extracellular Ca(2+) is generally more important than intracellular cycling of Ca(2+) stores of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in activating contraction of fish cardiac myocytes. This is(More)
Bluefin tuna have a unique physiology. Elevated metabolic rates coupled with heat exchangers enable bluefin tunas to conserve heat in their locomotory muscle, viscera, eyes and brain, yet their hearts operate at ambient water temperature. This arrangement of a warm fish with a cold heart is unique among vertebrates and can result in a reduction in cardiac(More)
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, inhabit eurythermal environments and must therefore be able to cope with changes in environmental temperature. As ectotherms, their heart is required to maintain cardiac function over a range of ambient water temperatures. This raises important questions concerning the temperature-dependence of cardiac ion channel(More)
The burbot (Lota lota) is a cold stenothermic fish species whose heart is adapted to function in the cold. In this study we use whole-cell voltage-clamp techniques to characterize the electrophysiological properties of burbot ventricular myocytes and to test the hypothesis that changes in membrane currents and intracellular Ca2+ cycling associated(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is crucial for contraction and relaxation of the mammalian cardiomyocyte, but its role in other vertebrate classes is equivocal. Recent evidence suggests differences in SR function across species may have an underlying structural basis. Here, we discuss how SR recruitment relates to the structural organization of the(More)
Confocal microscopy was used to investigate the temporal and spatial properties of Ca(2+) transients and Ca(2+) sparks in ventricular myocytes of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Confocal imaging confirmed the absence of T tubules and the long ( approximately 160 microm), thin ( approximately 8 microm) morphology of trout myocytes. Line scan imaging(More)
Numerous studies have examined the effect of temperature on in vivo and in situ cardiovascular function in trout. However, little information exists on cardiac function at temperatures near the trout’s upper lethal limit. This study measured routine and maximum in situ cardiac performance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following acclimation to 15,(More)
The zebrafish is widely used for human related disease studies. Surprisingly, there is no information about the electrical activity of single myocytes freshly isolated from adult zebrafish ventricle. In this study, we present an enzymatic method to isolate ventricular myocytes from zebrafish heart that yield a large number of calcium tolerant cells.(More)