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Mutation or loss of collagen VI has been linked to a variety of musculoskeletal abnormalities, particularly muscular dystrophies, tissue ossification and/or fibrosis, and hip osteoarthritis. However, the role of collagen VI in bone and cartilage structure and function in the knee is unknown. In this study, we examined the role of collagen VI in the(More)
The critical discovery in the past two decades of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of ion channels has revealed the potential mechanisms by which cells sense diverse stimuli beyond the prototypical "five senses," identifying ion channels that are gated by heat, cold, mechanical loading, osmolarity, and other physical and chemical stimuli.(More)
Biomechanical factors play a critical role in regulating the physiology as well as the pathology of multiple joint tissues and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. Therefore, the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to mechanical signals may provide novel targets for the development of disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs(More)
Diarthrodial joints are essential for load bearing and locomotion. Physiologically, articular cartilage sustains millions of cycles of mechanical loading. Chondrocytes, the cells in cartilage, regulate their metabolic activities in response to mechanical loading. Pathological mechanical stress can lead to maladaptive cellular responses and subsequent(More)
Due to the biphasic viscoelastic nature of cartilage, joint loading may result in deformations that require times on the order of hours to fully recover. Thus, cartilaginous tissues may exhibit cumulative strain over the course of each day. The goal of this study was to assess the magnitude and spatial distribution of strain in the articular cartilage of(More)
Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a mechano- and osmosensitive cation channel that is highly expressed in chondrocytes, the cells in cartilage. A large number of mutations in TRPV4 have been linked to skeletal dysplasias, and the goal of this addendum is to shed light on the mechanisms by which mutations in TRPV4 can cause skeletal(More)
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