Holly A. Aliesky

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Nucleotide sequences were determined for the rRNA internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2 (ITS1 and 2) and the 5' terminus of the large subunit rRNA in selected Gyrodactylus species. Examination of primary sequence variation and secondary structure models in ITS2 and variable region V4 of the small subunit rRNA revealed that structure was largely conserved(More)
Background: Over the past five years in situ hybridization techniques employing tyramide amplification reagents have been developed and promise the potential detection of low/single-copy nucleic acid sequences. However the increased sensitivity that tyramide amplification brings about may also lead to problems of background staining that confound data(More)
Immunization with adenovirus expressing the TSH receptor (TSHR) induces hyperthyroidism in 25-50% of mice. Even more effective is immunization with a TSHR A-subunit adenovirus (65-84% hyperthyroidism). Nevertheless, TSHR antibody characteristics in these mice do not mimic accurately those of autoantibodies in typical Graves' patients, with a marked(More)
BACKGROUND Graves'-like disease, reflected by thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies and hyperthyroidism in some mouse strains, can be induced by immunization with adenovirus-expressing DNA for the human TSHR or its A-subunit. The conventional approach involves two or three adenovirus injections at 3-week intervals and euthanasia 10 weeks after the first(More)
Transgenic BALB/c mice that express intrathyroidal human thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) A-subunit, unlike wild-type (WT) littermates, develop thyroid lymphocytic infiltration and spreading to other thyroid autoantigens after T regulatory cell (T(reg)) depletion and immunization with human thyrotropin receptor (hTSHR) adenovirus. To determine if(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune responses require costimulatory interactions between molecules on antigen-presenting cells and T cells: CD40 binding to CD40 ligand and B7 binding to CD28. Graves' hyperthyroidism is induced in BALB/c mice by immunization with thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) A-subunit adenovirus (Ad-A-subunit). We attempted to modulate Ad-A-subunit-induced(More)
Autoimmune hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease, can be induced by immunizing susceptible strains of mice with adenovirus encoding the human thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) or its A-subunit. Studies in two small families of recombinant inbred strains showed that susceptibility to developing TSHR antibodies (measured by TSH binding inhibition, TBI) was linked to the(More)
TSH receptor (TSHR) antibodies and hyperthyroidism are induced by immunizing mice with adenovirus encoding the TSHR or its A-subunit. Depleting regulatory T cells (Treg) exacerbates thyrotoxicosis in susceptible BALB/c mice and induces hyperthyroidism in normally resistant C57BL/6 mice. Vitamin D plays an important role in immunity; high dietary vitamin D(More)
Hyperthyroidism in Graves' disease is caused by thyroid-stimulating autoantibodies to the TSH receptor (TSHR), whereas hypothyroidism in Hashimoto's thyroiditis is associated with thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin autoantibodies. In some Graves' patients, thyroiditis becomes sufficiently extensive to cure the hyperthyroidism with resultant(More)
NOD.H-2h4 mice are genetically predisposed to thyroid autoimmunity and spontaneously develop thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAb) and thyroiditis. Iodide administration enhances TgAb levels and the incidence and severity of thyroiditis. Using these mice, we investigated the interactions between TSH receptor (TSHR) antibodies induced by vaccination and(More)