Hollie Spence

Learn More
STUDY DESIGN The authors developed a rat-tail model to investigate the hypothesis that vertebral wedging during growth in progressive spinal deformities results from asymmetric loading in a "vicious cycle." OBJECTIVES To document growth curves with axial compression or distraction applied to tail vertebrae to determine whether compression load slows(More)
STUDY DESIGN A rat tail model was used to test the hypothesis that angulation and asymmetric axial compressive loading would lead to vertebral wedging because of asymmetric longitudinal growth in the physes. OBJECTIVES To study the effect of angulation and asymmetric loading on the progression of spinal curvature in a rat tail model. SUMMARY OF(More)
In the final analysis the major question that arises is whether urinary diversion to the intact colon should be performed at all for benign conditions in which a relatively long life expectancy may be anticipated. In answer to this question we believe that if exstrophy is the problem early primary closure with the staged reconstruction should be attempted(More)
Progression of scoliosis deformity during growth is thought to be caused by asymmetrical loading, resulting in asymmetrical growth with vertebral and disc wedging in a "vicious cycle." The purpose of this study was to quantify the changes in disc thickness during growth in rat tails subjected to compression or distraction loading for 6 or 9 weeks, to(More)
The prevelance of antibodies to Toxocara canis was determined in 113 veterinary personnel from 22 animal clinics. One hundred and fourteen adult hospital in-patients served as controls. All participants completed a questionnaire supplying personal data and specifies regarding animal exposure and dog ownership. Antibodies to Toxocara were detected by enzyme(More)
We report a rare case of squamous cell carcinoma developing in a defunctionalized bladder with known leukoplakia 19 years after urinary diversion. We conclude from this case that once the initial metaplasia of the transitional epithelium of the urinary tract to leukoplakia has occurred chronic irritation by (infected) urine is not required to cause further(More)