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BACKGROUND Since many successful dieters regain the weight they lose, programs that teach maintenance skills are needed. We developed a maintenance program based on self-regulation theory and tested the efficacy of delivering the program face to face or over the Internet. METHODS We randomly assigned 314 participants who had lost a mean of 19.3 kg of body(More)
Eating is influenced by both the hedonic preferences and reinforcing value of food. Incentive salience theory predicts these are separate influences. This study tested whether hedonics reliably change as a function of increasing the reinforcing value of food by deprivation in 17 non-obese, non-dietary restrained females. Baseline measures of hedonics for(More)
Increased variety in the food supply may contribute to the development and maintenance of obesity. Thirty-nine studies examining dietary variety, energy intake, and body composition are reviewed. Animal and human studies show that food consumption increases when there is more variety in a meal or diet and that greater dietary variety is associated with(More)
Obese children were randomly assigned to a family-based behavioral treatment that included either stimulus control or reinforcement to reduce sedentary behaviors. Significant and equivalent decreases in sedentary behavior and high energy density foods, increases in physical activity and fruits and vegetables, and decreases in standardized body mass index(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary variety is a factor that influences consumption but has received little attention in obesity treatment. OBJECTIVE This study examined the effect of limiting the variety of different non-nutrient-dense, energy-dense foods (NND-EDFs) (i.e., chips, ice cream, cookies) on dietary intake and weight loss during an 18-mo lifestyle(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of a parent-focused behavioral intervention on parent and child eating changes and on percentage of overweight changes in families that contain at least one obese parent and a non-obese child. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Families with obese parents and non-obese children were randomized to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether fast food consumption and breakfast skipping are associated with weight gain during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. METHODS A prospective study of 9919 adolescents participating in Waves II (age range 11-21 years) and III (age range 18-27 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. BMI z(More)
Food deprivation and restriction both increase food consumption. Food deprivation also increases the reinforcing value of food, but it is unknown if food restriction alone or combined with deprivation increases the reinforcing value of food. Forty, normal-weight, college-aged, unrestrained females were randomized to one of four conditions that crossed food(More)
OBJECTIVE Large portions increase intake and are hypothesized to contribute to the obesity epidemic. However, it is unclear if portion size affects intake through changes in the unit size of available food or the overall amount of food available for consumption. Thus, this study examined the independent effects of package unit size and amount of food on(More)
OBJECTIVE Decreases in variety of foods consumed within high-fat-dense food groups and increases in variety of foods consumed within low-fat-dense food groups are associated with lower energy intake and greater weight loss during obesity treatment and may assist with weight loss maintenance. This study examined food group variety in 2237 weight loss(More)