Holger Völkel

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The human glutamate transporter EAAT2 (GLT-1) is of major importance for synaptic glutamate reuptake, and reportedly, a candidate gene for neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy. Here we report the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cloning of two novel EAAT2 transcripts, named EAAT2-C1 and EAAT2-C2,(More)
Using 5% ethanol as a deciliating agent, 20 mm colchicine to prevent reciliation and 1 mm amiloride to affect ion fluxes in Paramecium we examined the compartmentation and function of Ca2+ fluxes employing the biosynthesis of cGMP and the stereotypic swimming behavior as indicators for Ca2+ entry. As a function of extracellular Ca2+ Paramecia responded to(More)
Mutations in the SOD1 gene are associated with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS). The mechanisms by which these mutations lead to anterior horn cell loss are unknown, however, increased binding of Hsps on the demetallated mutant SOD1 has been described which would make the HSPs unavailable for other purposes, and reduce the SOD1 concentration in(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate if sequence alterations of the excitatory amino acid transporter gene EAAT2 (GLT-1) may be a contributory factor to the pathogenesis of motor system degeneration. EAAT2 serves as a candidate gene as its reduced expression was reported in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Furthermore, neurolathyrism, a motor neuron(More)
TWO novel transcripts of the human excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT2 (GLT-1) were cloned using PCR cloning techniques. Comparative sequence analysis of the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of five EAAT2 transcripts led to the definition of five putative 5'-untranslated exons that are combined in a variable manner. Alternative splicing is a likely(More)
To validate the functionality of a new highly complex graphics processor described in VHDL the working environment of the processors has to be modelled. In some cases appropriate models for the external components are commerically available, in other cases these models have to be created. In this paper a general memory model for SGRAMs is presented which(More)
Mutations of the SOD1 gene encoding the free radical scavenging enzyme copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) occur in patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Recent reports have shown homozygosity for a CuZn-SOD mutation in exon 4, the D90A (Asp90A1a) mutation. Other mutations described to date show an autosomal dominant pattern of(More)
Energy metabolism is impaired in the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The goal was to investigate tolerance against single and repetitive hypoxia in C57B6SJL-TgN(SOD1-G93A)1GUR mice (G93A mice). Posthypoxic recovery (15 min hypoxia, 45 min recovery) of population spike amplitude in hippocampal region CA1(More)
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) fulfills important supporting tasks to maintain the visual functions of the sensorineural retina. One major signalling mechanism by which adjacent tissues impinge on the RPE is the adenylyl cyclase (AC)/cAMP pathway. In the RPE, cAMP seems to modulate unique functions such as the phagocytosis of discs shed from the rod(More)
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