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Histamine is a developmentally highly conserved autacoid found in most vertebrate tissues. Its physiological functions are mediated by four 7-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors (H1R, H2R, H3R, H4R) that are all targets of pharmacological intervention. The receptors display molecular heterogeneity and constitutive activity. H1R antagonists are long(More)
Septins are GTP-binding proteins that assemble into homo- and hetero-oligomers and filaments. Although they have key roles in various cellular processes, little is known concerning the structure of septin subunits or the organization and polarity of septin complexes. Here we present the structures of the human SEPT2 G domain and the heterotrimeric human(More)
In monkeys rendered parkinsonian with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), expression of the dopamine D3 receptor was decreased. However, levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), similar to the debilitating and pharmacoresistant involuntary movements elicited after long-term treatment with levodopa in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), was(More)
Chromosome segregation and cell division are essential, highly ordered processes that depend on numerous protein complexes. Results from recent RNA interference screens indicate that the identity and composition of these protein complexes is incompletely understood. Using gene tagging on bacterial artificial chromosomes, protein localization, and(More)
Some G-protein-coupled receptors display 'constitutive activity', that is, spontaneous activity in the absence of agonist. This means that a proportion of the receptor population spontaneously undergoes an allosteric transition, leading to a conformation that can bind G proteins. The process has been shown to occur with recombinant receptors expressed at(More)
The L7/12 stalk of the large subunit of bacterial ribosomes encompasses protein L10 and multiple copies of L7/12. We present crystal structures of Thermotoga maritima L10 in complex with three L7/12 N-terminal-domain dimers, refine the structure of an archaeal L10E N-terminal domain on the 50S subunit, and identify these elements in(More)
4. Single particles and angular reconstitution 323 4.1 Preliminary filtering and centring of data 323 4.2 Alignments using correlation functions 324 4.3 Choice of first reference images 324 4.4 Multi-reference alignment of data 325 4.5 MSA eigenvector/eigenvalue data compression 328 4.6 MSA classification 330 4.7 Euler angle determination (‘ angular(More)
Metazoan spliceosomes exhibit an elaborate protein composition required for canonical and alternative splicing. Thus, the minimal set of proteins essential for activation and catalysis remains elusive. We therefore purified in vitro assembled, precatalytic spliceosomal complex B, activated B(act), and step 1 complex C from the simple eukaryote Saccharomyces(More)
The function of dopamine D(3) receptors present in the striatum has remained elusive. In the present study evidence is provided for the existence of dopamine D(1)-D(3) receptor heteromers and for an intramembrane D(1)-D(3) receptor cross-talk in living cells and in the striatum. The formation of D(1)-D(3) receptor heteromers was demonstrated by fluorescence(More)
Elongation factor (EF) G promotes tRNA translocation on the ribosome. We present three-dimensional reconstructions, obtained by cryo-electron microscopy, of EF-G-ribosome complexes before and after translocation. In the pretranslocation state, domain 1 of EF-G interacts with the L7/12 stalk on the 50S subunit, while domain 4 contacts the shoulder of the 30S(More)