Holger Seebens

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This paper investigates the meaning of female empowerment and presents the argument why empowerment is needed. Empowerment is treated as a process which does not stop with empowerment per se, but also looks at what is eventually done with the increased agency. The paper finds that women are generally more constrained than men with regard to access to(More)
DSGD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the Department for(More)
This paper belongs to a series of 14 country case studies spanning Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. The series is part of the ‘Operationalising Pro-Poor Growth (OPPG)’ work programme, a joint initiative of AFD, BMZ (GTZ, KfW Development Bank), DFID and the World Bank. The OPPG work programme aims to provide better advice to governments on(More)
In a randomized, double-blind cross-over study in 10 patients with intermittent claudication, 2 concentrations (6% and 10%) of a hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solution of mean molecular weight 200,000 and of substitution degree 0.62 were compared to a 10% low-molecular-weight dextran solution of mean molecular weight 400,000. In addition to several(More)
With numerous challenges hindering smallholders’ adoption of externally developed technologies, it is often argued that farmer innovation can play an essential role in rural livelihoods. Yet a rigorous assessment of the impact of farmer innovation is lacking. We address this issue by analyzing the effect of farmer innovation on household welfare, measured(More)
This study describes the macroeconomic determinants of health care spending in a broad context using time series data from Pakistan on economic, demographic, social, and political variables. The data spans a period from 19722006 and was analyzed using cointegration and error correction approaches. All variables were found to be first difference stationary(More)
The goal of this paper is twofold as it aims (i) to investigate whether female headed households (FHH) can be distinguished by patterns of production and (ii) to look for the underlying causes of productivity differentials between FHH categories. Studies dealing with the question of productivity in FHH and male headed households (MHH) find that FHH are(More)
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