Holger Schmid

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Podocyte dysfunction, represented by foot process effacement and proteinuria, is often the starting point for progressive kidney disease. Therapies aimed at the cellular level of the disease are currently not available. Here we show that induction of urokinase receptor (uPAR) signaling in podocytes leads to foot process effacement and urinary protein loss(More)
BACKGROUND The appropriate choice of an internal reference is critical for quantitative RNA analysis. However, no comparison of frequently used "housekeeping" genes is available for renal biopsy studies. METHODS Microdissected biopsies from 165 patients, including a wide range of histopathologic diagnoses, were analyzed [immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephritis,(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a frequent complication in patients with diabetes. Although the majority of DN models and human studies have focused on glomeruli, tubulointerstitial damage is a major feature of DN and an important predictor of renal dysfunction. This study sought to investigate molecular markers of pathogenic pathways in the renal interstitium(More)
BACKGROUND We report the induction of gremlin, a bone morphogenetic protein antagonist, in cultured human mesangial cells exposed to high glucose and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) levels in vitro and kidneys from diabetic rats in vivo. METHODS Gremlin expression was assessed in human diabetic nephropathy by means of in situ hybridization,(More)
Renal disease is becoming an increasingly prevalent entity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients; it occurs in a variety of clinical settings and is associated with histopathological changes. HIV-related renal impairment can present as acute or chronic kidney disease; it can be caused directly or indirectly by HIV and/or by drug-related(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure and a major risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in diabetic patients. To evaluate the multiple pathogenetic factors implicated in DN, unbiased mRNA expression screening of tubulointerstitial compartments of human renal biopsies was combined with hypothesis-driven pathway(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple risk behavior plays an important role in the social etiology of youth injury, yet the consistency of this observation has not been examined multinationally. OBJECTIVE To examine reports from young people in 12 countries, by country, age group, sex, and injury type, to quantify the strength and consistency of this association. SETTING(More)
Fine needle kidney biopsy with subsequent analysis of the tissue core by light microscopy and immunhistology is currently the diagnostic gold standard in nephrology [1]. The addition of immunofluorescence and electron microscopic techniques into routine biopsy processing enabled a further refinement of the diagnostic categories used [2]. Despite recent(More)
The progression of diabetic nephropathy is associated with an infiltration of macrophages expressing different phenotypes. As classically activated chemokine receptor CCR2+ macrophages are thought to drive tissue inflammation and remodeling, we tested whether blocking CCR2 could reduce intrarenal inflammation and prevent glomerulosclerosis in type 2(More)
For identifying potential diagnostic markers of proteinuric glomerulopathies, glomerular mRNA levels of molecules relevant for podocyte function (alpha-actinin-4, glomerular epithelial protein 1, Wilms tumor antigen 1, synaptopodin, dystroglycan, nephrin, podoplanin, and podocin) were determined by quantitative real-time RT-PCR from microdissected(More)