Learn More
Leptin was shown to exhibit similar to cholecystokinin (CCK) cytoprotective activity against acute gastric lesions, but its role in ulcer healing has not been examined. The aims of this study were: (1) to compare the effects of exogenous leptin to those of CCK on the course of healing of chronic gastric ulcers; (2) to study the gene and protein expression(More)
Leptin, a product of ob-gene plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Recently, leptin expression has been detected in gastric epithelium, but the physiologic role of gastric leptin remains unknown. The purpose of this study was: 1) to determine the effect of gastric injury by ethanol and aspirin on the expression of leptin in gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R) induces gastric lesions, probably due to excessive formation of free radicals, but the role of the scavenger of these radicals, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), in the healing of these lesions has not been extensively studied. It is(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are major components of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria playing a central role as potent endotoxins in the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock. Although large amounts of endotoxin may produce hemorrhagic lesions in the stomach, the possible gastroprotective effect of central or peripheral LPS against the acute gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer is one of the most frequent neoplasms and a leading cause of the death world-wide. In recent years, epidemiological and animal studies demonstrated a link between gastric cancer and chronic infection with H. pylori. The exact mechanism responsible for the development of gastric cancer in H. pylori-infected patients still remains(More)
BACKGROUND Maintenance of gastric mucosal integrity depends on the balance between cell loss due to apoptosis and cell proliferation. Helicobacter pylori induces apoptosis in gastric epithelial cells, but the regulation of this process has been little studied. The Bcl-2 proteins are the best-studied family of proteins involved in the mechanism of apoptotic(More)
SNCA/α-synuclein aggregation plays a crucial role in synucleinopathies such as Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Aggregating and nonaggregating SNCA species are degraded by the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP). Previously, we have shown that the ALP is not only responsible for SNCA degradation but is also involved in the intracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone that is involved in the regulation of food intake and body weight. Recent findings demonstrated that leptin receptors are present in the pancreas but the involvement of leptin in pancreatitis remains unknown. The aim of the present study was: (1) to assess plasma leptin levels in rats with caerulein-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic infections have been proposed to play a role in the aetiology or progression of atherosclerotic plaques. Increased risk of coronary artery disease has been suggested in patients seropositive for Helicobacter pylori. AIM To analyse coronary specimens in patients with severe (coronary artery disease) for Helicobacter pylori specific DNA.(More)
OBJECTIVE In Barrett's adenocarcinomas, in contrast to squamous oesophageal carcinomas, K-ras point mutations are thought to be a frequent event. The frequency of K-ras point mutations in premalignant forms of Barrett's oesophagus (metaplasia, dysplasia) leading to adenocarcinoma with increased risk is currently not known. To establish the frequency of(More)