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Unidirectional 22Na+ and 36Cl− fluxes were determined in short-circuited, stripped rumen mucosa from sheep by using the Ussing chamber technique. In both CO2/HCO − 3 -containing and CO2/HCO − 3 -free solutions, replacement of gluconate by short-chain fatty acids (SCFA, 39 mM) significantly enhanced mucosal-toserosal Na+ absorption without affecting the Cl−(More)
Influences of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), chloride or lactate on net bicarbonate movement were determined in the temporarily isolated and washed reticulo-rumen of sheep used to 100% hay or 81% concentrate diets. Replacement of SCFA by gluconate and mannitol reversed net bicarbonate secretion into net absorption. The reversal of net bicarbonate movement(More)
Rumen: 1. It is generally accepted that sodium and chloride is transported across the rumen epithelium of ruminants in the mucosal-serosal direction by an active transport mechanism. In all in vitro studies the short circuit current, Isc, was significantly lower than the net transport of sodium, JNanet. It was concluded that most of the sodium is(More)
Urea transport across the gastrointestinal tract involves transporters of the urea transporter-B group, the regulation of which is poorly understood. The classical stimulatory effect of CO(2) and the effect of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) on the ruminal recycling of urea were investigated by using Ussing chamber and microelectrode techniques with isolated(More)
Net Mg(2+) absorption from the rumen is mainly mediated by a transcellular pathway, with the greater part (62%) being electrically silent. To investigate this component of Mg(2+) transport, experiments were performed with isolated ruminal epithelial cells (REC). Using the fluorescent indicators mag-fura 2, sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate, and 2',(More)
Due to the cognitive-enhancing properties of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) agonists, they have attracted interest for the treatment of cognitive disturbances in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia typically presents in late adolescence or early adulthood. It is therefore important to study whether alpha7 nAChR stimulation activates brain(More)
Ammonia is an abundant fermentation product in the forestomachs of ruminants and the intestine of other species. Uptake as NH3 or NH4+ should modulate cytosolic pH and sodium-proton exchange via Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE). Transport rates of Na+, NH4+, and NH3 across the isolated rumen epithelium were studied at various luminal ammonia concentrations and pH(More)
In goats and other ruminants, urea functions as a source of nitrogen for protein biosynthesis in the digestive tract. Ammonia can be absorbed in the digestive system when formed in excessive quantitites and enhance formation of urea, or it can be derived from urea of blood plasma when its formation from feed sources is small. Entry rates of urea into plasma(More)
Increasing ruminal K concentration impairs active Mg transport across the forestomach epithelium of ruminants. We used Ussing chamber and microelectrode techniques to test the hypothesis that high mucosal K decreases the driving force for Mg2+ uptake by depolarizing the apical membrane. Serosal Ba enhanced net 42K secretion. Under open-circuit conditions,(More)
This study was designed to study the mechanism of electroneutral Na and Cl transport across the isolated rumen epithelium of sheep. Net sodium transport (5.75 +/- 0.35 microequiv cm-2 h-1) was significantly higher than the short-circuit current (0.95 +/- 0.08 microequiv cm-2 h-1). Both, net sodium and net chloride transport were markedly reduced by(More)