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The blood pressure response to propranolol treatment was analyzed retrospectively in 187 patients with benign essential hypertension. In most patients (102 patients, 54 per cent) systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure was decreased by more than 10 per cent (responders). No significant change in blood pressure occurred in 35 per cent (65 patients) of the(More)
Saralasin was infused into 52 untreated hypertensive patients. Immediate, transient pressor responses occurred in 94 per cent followed by a more gradual sustained change in blood pressure reaching an apogee in about 20 minutes. Most (86 per cent) patients with high renin values had sustained depressor responses irrespective of sodium balance. In contrast,(More)
Gangliosides have been described as modulators of growth factor receptor activity and subsequent cellular function. Due to the lower-pH environment found in tumor cells, ganglosides are thought to be formed (at least to some extent) into their lactone forms. The aim of the study was to analyze the mode of action of the lactone of the ganglioside GM3 on(More)
This study was designed to examine more closely the differences in blood pressure responses in hypertensive patients to two agents which block the renin-angiotensin system. Accordingly, 39 seated patients received under the same conditions both saralasin, an octapeptide competitive antagonist of angiotensin II, and the nonapeptide converting enzyme(More)
Computer-assisted static/dynamic renal imaging with [197Hg] chlormerodrin and [99mTc]pertechnetate was evaluated prospectively as a screening test for renovascular hypertension. Results are reported for 51 patients: 33 with benign essential hypertension and 18 with renovascular hypertension, and for 21 normal controls. All patients underwent renal(More)
It is well known that incidence of chronic obstructive lung disease in adult patients with alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (ATD) is high. Adult carriers of this genetic trait with cirrhosis of the liver, and also with fibrosis of the liver and hepatoma, have been reported. A causal relationship between ATD and liver lesions has been suspected. In most cases(More)
Saralasin, 10 microgram/kg per min, caused an immediate rise in blood pressure in 52 of 57 (91.2%) hypertensive patients. The increase in diastolic pressure averaged 18.8 +/- 1.83 mm Hg (mean +/- SE) in normal renin patients on a normal salt intake. This immediate pressor response was absent in only five high renin patients and, conversely, was very large(More)
Using cultured human mast cells (CHMC) the optimization of 2,4-diaminopyrimidine compounds leading to 22, R406 is described. Compound 22 is a potent upstream inhibitor of mast cell degranulation and its mechanism of action is via inhibition of Syk kinase. Compound 22 has significant activity in inhibiting both IgE- and IgG-mediated activation of Fc receptor(More)
To study the effect of propranolol on the Ca2+- or Pb2+-activated K+ permeability in human erythrocytes, K+ effluxes were compared with single-channel currents. The results demonstrate that propranolol has a twofold effect: (1) it renders the channel protein more sensitive to Ca2+ or Pb2+; and (2) it simultaneously inhibits channel activity and slightly(More)