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Better, easier and cheaper than polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or antibody detection, rolling circle amplification (RCA) using the bacteriophage varphi 29 DNA polymerase allows for a reliable diagnosis of geminiviruses and presumably all viruses with small single-stranded circular DNA genomes. The results show the efficiency of this technique in(More)
Geminiviruses have spread worldwide and have become increasingly important in crop plants during recent decades. Recombination among geminiviruses was one major source of new variants. Geminiviruses replicate via rolling circles, confirmed here by electron microscopic visualization and two-dimensional gel analysis of Abutilon mosaic virus (AbMV) DNA.(More)
Two movement proteins (BV1 and BC1) facilitate the intra- and intercellular transport of begomoviruses in plants. In contrast to other geminiviruses the movement protein BC1 of Abutilon mosaic virus (AbMV) remained in the supernatant after centrifuging plant extracts at 20,000 g. To test whether this unusual behavior results from a distinct intracellular(More)
From Brazilian weeds with typical symptoms of a geminivirus infection, the DNAs of two new virus species, two new strains with two variants of already known bipartite begomoviruses were sequenced. Moreover, the first two DNA 1-like satellites (alpha satellites) occurring naturally in the New World were identified. They are related to nanoviral DNA(More)
Begomoviruses cause major diseases of sweet potato worldwide impairing considerably the yields of this important food staple. Since sweet potato plants are vegetatively propagated and globally transported, they are prone to accumulate and disseminate geminiviruses. Effective diagnostic tools are, therefore, desirable. We studied the genomic diversity of(More)
Two types of geminate structures were purified from African cassava mosaic geminivirus (ACMV)-infected Nicotiana benthamiana plants and analyzed by electron cryomicroscopy and image reconstruction. After cesium sulfate density gradient centrifugation, they were separated into lighter top (T) and heavier bottom (B) components. T particles comigrated with(More)
Geminiviruses manage the transport of their DNA within plants with the help of three proteins, the coat protein (CP), the nuclear shuttle protein (NSP), and the movement protein (MP). The DNA-binding capabilities of CP, NSP, and MP of Abutilon mosaic virus (AbMV; family Geminiviridae; genus Begomovirus) were scrutinized using gel mobility shift assays and(More)
Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is a major constraint to cassava production in Africa and Asia. Of the two begomoviruses associated with CMD on the Indian subcontinent, Indian cassava mosaic virus (ICMV) and Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus, only the latter has been successfully reintroduced into cassava to resolve the aetiology of the disease. Here, we report(More)
Several plant geminiviruses have been shown recently to utilize both rolling-circle replication (RCR) and recombination-dependent replication (RDR) strategies. A highly specific binding of the viral replication-associated protein (Rep) to its cognate DNA is essential for initiation of viral DNA replication and for the recognition of DNA components of the(More)
Four transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana lines carrying different reporter gene constructs based on split glucuronidase genes were used to monitor the frequency of somatic homologous recombination after geminivirus infections. Euphorbia mosaic virus and Cleome leaf crumple virus were chosen as examples, because they induce only mild symptoms and are expected to(More)