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In many everyday decisions, people exhibit loss aversion-a greater sensitivity to losses relative to gains of equal size. Loss aversion is thought to be (at least partly) mediated by emotional--in particular, fear-related--processes. Decision research has shown that even incidental emotions, which are unrelated to the decision at hand, can influence(More)
Analysis of the information obtained from more than 110 malformations of the external and middle ear operated upon by the author (Gerhardt) leads to speculation as to their course of development. Of particular interest are the varying types of stapes malformations and the influence of variations in the course of the facial nerve on the development and(More)
We often make decisions with uncertain consequences. The outcomes of the choices we make are usually not perfectly predictable but probabilistic, and the probabilities can be known or unknown. Probability judgments, i.e., the assessment of unknown probabilities, can be influenced by evoked emotional states. This suggests that also the weighting of known(More)
(1) The loss of hair cells after pure tone exposure at the critical level of intensity shows an exact correlation to the frequency, the time of sound exposure, and time of recovery as regards the quality and quantity. (2) The total extent of the damage of sensory cells has to be estimated higher than the hair-cell loss as observed under the light(More)
The stimulation of the proximal auditory nerve or the Cochlear Nuclear Complex (CNC) situated in the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle is a possibility of hearing rehabilitation for patients suffering from bilateral deafness by bilateral cerebellopontine-angle tumors or by transsections of cochlear nerves on both sides. Using such anatomical landmarks(More)
UNLABELLED Current psychological concepts of social and ecological responsibility emphasize the relevance of altruism, suggesting that more altruistic individuals are more likely to engage in sustainable behaviors. Emerging evidence indicates a central role of the neuropeptide oxytocin in promoting altruism. Whether this influence extends to ecological(More)
Generosity is an important behavior enriching human society and can be observed across cultures. However, generosity has been shown to be modulated as a function of social distance, also referred to as social discounting. Oxytocin and empathy are other factors that have been shown to play an important role in generous behavior. However, how exactly oxytocin(More)
In vestibular nerves of patients without any inner ear disease and from patients who suffered from Menière's disease, the number, diameter, and density of nerve fibres were determined in the whole nerve as well as in the different parts (pars superior and pars inferior). As regards normal values, the number of fibres in the whole nerve ranged between 17 097(More)
Degenerative changes in both the nervus vestibularis and in Scarpa's ganglion depending on the duration of Meniére's disease are visualized by light and electron microscopy. The specimens were obtained by transtemporal neurectomy in patients with Meniére's disease and were fixed quickly. On the thick nerve fibres (pars superior) a splintering of the myelin(More)