Holger Felix Rabenau

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BACKGROUND The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has recently been identified as a new clinical entity. SARS is thought to be caused by an unknown infectious agent. METHODS Clinical specimens from patients with SARS were searched for unknown viruses with the use of cell cultures and molecular techniques. RESULTS A novel coronavirus was identified(More)
A novel coronavirus is the causative agent of the current epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Coronaviruses are exceptionally large RNA viruses and employ complex regulatory mechanisms to express their genomes. Here, we determined the sequence of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), isolate Frankfurt 1, and characterized key RNA elements and(More)
OBJECTIVE Health care workers (HCWs) are exposed to bloodborne pathogens, especially hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through job-related risk factors like needlestick, stab, scratch, cut, or other bloody injuries. Needlestick injuries can be prevented by safer devices. METHODS The purpose of this study was to(More)
Coxsackie A16 (CA16) and Enterovirus 71 (EV71) are members of the picornaviridae family and are associated with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), in rare cases also to acute neurological diseases. HFMD outbreaks have been reported from many parts of the world, especially Southeast Asia. The objective of the study was to analyze CA16 and EV71(More)
Since the dynamics of transmission of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) have not been clarified yet, we assessed a possible change in HCMV seroprevalence in Frankfurt am Main, Germany during the past twenty years and tried to detect variables with an impact on epidemiology. Between 1/1/1988 and 10/15/2008, a total of 54443 serum samples were collected for(More)
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of antibodies to herpes simplex virus types 1 (HSV-1) and 2 (HSV-2) in selected German populations, such as blood donors, hospital patients, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive individuals. Serum samples collected between 1996 and 1998 were tested by enzyme immunoassays using monoclonal(More)
Effective antiviral agents are needed to treat severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection. We assessed the antiviral potential of recombinant interferons against two clinical isolates of SARS-CoV--FFM-1, from Frankfurt patients, and Hong Kong--replicated in Vero and Caco2 cells. Interferon beta was five to ten times more(More)
Noroviruses (NV) are transmitted by fecally contaminated food, vomit, and person-to-person contact. They are one of the main causes of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis in nursing, old people and children's homes. NV outbreaks are characterized by a short incubation period (12-48 h), nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, and high secondary attack rates. The(More)
A total of 603 serum samples obtained from 12 different patient and control groups, including potentially cross-reactive sera, were tested for the presence of antibodies against Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, HHV-8). The assays used were an in-house immunofluorescence test (IFT) employing latent KSHV antigens and a prototype enzyme-linked(More)
  • J Cinatl, B Morgenstern, G Bauer, P Chandra, H Rabenau, H W Doerr
  • Lancet
  • 2003
The outbreak of SARS warrants the search for antiviral compounds to treat the disease. At present, no specific treatment has been identified for SARS-associated coronavirus infection. We assessed the antiviral potential of ribavirin, 6-azauridine, pyrazofurin, mycophenolic acid, and glycyrrhizin against two clinical isolates of coronavirus (FFM-1 and FFM-2)(More)