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In human neuroblastoma, amplification of the MYCN gene predicts poor prognosis and resistance to therapy. In a shRNA screen of genes that are highly expressed in MYCN-amplified tumors, we have identified AURKA as a gene that is required for the growth of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells but largely dispensable for cells lacking amplified MYCN. Aurora A(More)
PURPOSE Neuroblastoma is a genetically heterogeneous pediatric tumor with a remarkably variable clinical behavior ranging from widely disseminated disease to spontaneous regression. In this study, we aimed for comprehensive genetic subgroup discovery and assessment of independent prognostic markers based on genome-wide aberrations detected by comparative(More)
Neuroblastoma is a common childhood tumor comprising cases with rapid disease progression as well as spontaneous regression. Although numerous prognostic factors have been identified, risk evaluation in individual patients remains difficult. To define a reliable prognostic predictor and gene signatures characteristic of biological subgroups, we performed(More)
MYCN amplification is a common feature of aggressive tumour biology in neuroblastoma. The MYCN transcription factor has been demonstrated to induce or repress expression of numerous genes. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a recently discovered class of short RNAs that repress translation and promote mRNA degradation by sequence-specific interaction with mRNA. Here, we(More)
In response to stimuli that activate p53, cells can undergo either apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, depending on the precise pattern of p53 target genes that is activated. We show here that Zbtb4, a transcriptional repressor protein, associates with the Sin3/histone deacetylase co-repressor and represses expression of P21CIP1 as part of a heterodimeric(More)
PURPOSE MYCN amplification is an important therapy-stratifying marker in neuroblastoma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with signal detection on the single-cell level allows a critical judgement of MYCN intratumoral heterogeneity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The MYCN status was investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization at diagnosis and relapse.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of a predefined gene expression-based classifier for clinical risk estimation and cytotoxic treatment decision making in neuroblastoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Gene expression profiles of 440 internationally collected neuroblastoma specimens were investigated by microarray analysis, 125 of which were examined(More)
Tumor stage, age of patient, and amplification of MYCN predict disease outcome in neuroblastoma. To gain insight into the underlying molecular pathways, we have obtained expression profiles from 94 primary neuroblastoma specimens. Advanced tumor stages show a characteristic expression profile that includes downregulation of multiple genes involved in signal(More)
The oncogene BMI1 encodes a polycomb group transcription factor that is required for embryonic development and self-renewal of stem cells. Despite these important functions little is known about the regulation of BMI1 expression. A cDNA microarray based search for target genes of E2F-1 in neuroblastoma cells expressing a 4-OHT-regulated E2F-1-ER fusion(More)
The 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome is the most frequent microdeletion syndrome in humans, yet its genetic basis is complex and is still not fully understood. Most patients harbor a 3-Mb deletion (typically deleted region [TDR]), but occasionally patients with atypical deletions, some of which do not overlap with each other and/or the TDR, have been(More)