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In human neuroblastoma, amplification of the MYCN gene predicts poor prognosis and resistance to therapy. In a shRNA screen of genes that are highly expressed in MYCN-amplified tumors, we have identified AURKA as a gene that is required for the growth of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells but largely dispensable for cells lacking amplified MYCN. Aurora A(More)
LBA3505 Background: The German CAO/ARO/AIO-94 trial established preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), surgery, and postoperative chemotherapy with 5-FU as standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. With this approach local relapse rates are below 10%. The development of distant metastasis is the predominant mode of failure. Integrating more(More)
Neuroblastoma is a common childhood tumor comprising cases with rapid disease progression as well as spontaneous regression. Although numerous prognostic factors have been identified, risk evaluation in individual patients remains difficult. To define a reliable prognostic predictor and gene signatures characteristic of biological subgroups, we performed(More)
PURPOSE Neuroblastoma is a genetically heterogeneous pediatric tumor with a remarkably variable clinical behavior ranging from widely disseminated disease to spontaneous regression. In this study, we aimed for comprehensive genetic subgroup discovery and assessment of independent prognostic markers based on genome-wide aberrations detected by comparative(More)
Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was applied to 35 neuroblastomas to obtain a global view of genetic imbalances. Results were validated by means of Southern blot hybridization (detection of N-myc amplification), loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies (detection of deletion 1p), and interphase cytogenetics [dual labelling fluorescence in situ(More)
BACKGROUND Gain of genetic material from chromosome arm 17q (gain of segment 17q21-qter) is the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality of neuroblastoma cells. This gain has been associated with advanced disease, patients who are > or =1 year old, deletion of chromosome arm 1p, and amplification of the N-myc oncogene, all of which predict an adverse outcome.(More)
MYCN amplification is a common feature of aggressive tumour biology in neuroblastoma. The MYCN transcription factor has been demonstrated to induce or repress expression of numerous genes. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a recently discovered class of short RNAs that repress translation and promote mRNA degradation by sequence-specific interaction with mRNA. Here, we(More)
Neuroblastoma tumors are characterized by aberrations of chromosome 1. Rapid detection of these chromosomal aberrations at diagnosis could give important clues to outcome and therapy. We attempted to detect numerical and structural aberrations of chromosome 1 not only by classical metaphase cytogenetics but also by interphase cytogenetics in order to(More)
PURPOSE Amplification of the MYCN oncogene at chromosome 2p24-25 identifies an aggressive subtype of human neuroblastoma with a poor clinical outcome. Differences in amplicon structure and coamplification of genes telomeric and centromeric to the MYCN oncogene have previously been described. A relevant role of gene coamplification for neuroblastoma(More)
Pediatric tumors of the central nervous system composed of oligoid tumor cells showing diffuse leptomeningeal spread without a primary mass lesion seem to represent a novel tumor entity. The terms “diffuse leptomeningeal glioneural tumor” or—preferably—“disseminated oligodendroglial-like leptomeningeal tumor of childhood” (DOGLT) were proposed. Four(More)