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Mitotic catastrophe is a form of cell death that results from aberrant mitosis. Currently, the mechanisms involved in this form of cell death remain poorly understood. We found that actinomycin D induces mitotic catastrophe with severe spindle assembly defects. We have studied the nature of three groups of chromosome binding proteins in mitotic cells(More)
A number of signalling pathways have been identified that regulate apoptosis, but the mechanism that initiates apoptosis remains incompletely understood. We have found that the nuclear RanGTP level is diminished during the early stages of apoptosis, which correlates with immobilization of RCC1 on the chromosomes. Furthermore, the expression of(More)
Spindle assembly is subject to the regulatory controls of both the cell-cycle machinery and the Ran-signaling pathway. An important question is how the two regulatory pathways communicate with each other to achieve coordinated regulation in mitosis. We show here that Cdc2 kinase phosphorylates the serines located in or near the nuclear localization signal(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells, which can differentiate into any cell type. This cell type has often been implicated as an eminent source of renewable cells for tissue regeneration and cellular replacement therapies. Studies on manipulation of the various differentiation pathways have been at the forefront of research. There are many ways(More)
Under the fluctuating circumstances provided by the innate dynamics of microtubules and opposing tensions resulted from microtubule-associated motors, it is vital to ensure stable kinetochore-microtubule attachments for accurate segregation. However, a comprehensive understanding of how this regulation is mechanistically achieved remains elusive. Using our(More)
The small GTPase Ran has a well-established role in nucleocytoplasmic trafficking. In recent years, the repertoire of Ran has expanded to include regulation of spindle assembly, formation of the nuclear envelope and DNA replication. Now, new studies further extend the role of Ran to regulating the spindle checkpoint during mitosis.
The kinesin motors are important in the regulation of cellular functions such as protein trafficking, spindle organization and centrosome separation. In this study, we have identified POPX2, a serine-threonine phosphatase, as an interacting partner of the KAP3 subunit of the kinesin-2 motor. The kinesin-2 motor is a heterotrimeric complex composed of KIF3A,(More)
Although the tumor suppressor ARF is generally accepted for its essential role in activating the p53 pathway, its p53-independent function has also been proposed. Here, we report that ARF associates with COMMD1 and promotes Lys(63)-mediated polyubiquitination of COMMD1 in a p53-independent manner. We found that ARF interacts with COMMD1 in vivo. Deletion(More)
The RanGTPase system has multiple functions in both interphase and mitosis. Extensive studies of Ran-driven nucleocytoplasmic transport have contributed significantly toward our understanding of how RanGTP is produced, hydrolyzed, and localized in interphase. However, there is still a lack of understanding about how this system operates in mitosis. Recent(More)