Hoi Jong Jung

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Voltage-sensing domains enable membrane proteins to sense and react to changes in membrane voltage. Although identifiable S1-S4 voltage-sensing domains are found in an array of conventional ion channels and in other membrane proteins that lack pore domains, the extent to which their voltage-sensing mechanisms are conserved is unknown. Here we show that the(More)
Zinc is one of the essential transition metals in cells. Excess or lack of zinc is detrimental, and cells exploit highly sensitive zinc-binding regulators to achieve homeostasis. In this article, we present a crystal structure of active Zur from Streptomyces coelicolor with three zinc-binding sites (C-, M-, and D-sites). Mutations of the three sites(More)
Voltage-activated ion channels are essential for electrical signaling, yet the mechanism of voltage sensing remains under intense investigation. The voltage-sensor paddle is a crucial structural motif in voltage-activated potassium (K(v)) channels that has been proposed to move at the protein-lipid interface in response to changes in membrane voltage. Here(More)
VSTx1 is a voltage sensor toxin from the spider Grammostola spatulata that inhibits KvAP, an archeabacterial voltage-activated K(+) channel whose X-ray structure has been reported. Although the receptor for VSTx1 and the mechanism of inhibition are unknown, the sequence of the toxin is related to hanatoxin (HaTx) and SGTx, two toxins that inhibit eukaryotic(More)
Amphipathic protein toxins from tarantula venom inhibit voltage-activated potassium (Kv) channels by binding to a critical helix-turn-helix motif termed the voltage sensor paddle. Although these toxins partition into membranes to bind the paddle motif, their structure and orientation within the membrane are unknown. We investigated the interaction of a(More)
The DJ-1 superfamily (DJ-1/ThiJ/PfpI superfamily) is distributed across all three kingdoms of life. These proteins are involved in a highly diverse range of cellular functions, including chaperone and protease activity. DJ-1 proteins usually form dimers or hexamers in vivo and show at least four different binding orientations via distinct interface patches.(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanosensitive nonselective cation channel (NSC(MS)) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) play critical roles in the regulation of vascular tone. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of ET-1 on NSC(MS) and on the myogenic response of arteries. METHODS Cell-attached patch-clamp techniques were applied to rabbit pulmonary and cerebral(More)
To analyze structural features of ω-Aga IVA, a gating modifier toxin from spider venom, we here investigated the NMR solution structure of ω-Aga IVA within DPC micelles. Under those conditions, the Cys-rich central region of ω-Aga IVA still retains the inhibitor Cys knot motif with three short antiparallel β-strands seen in water. However, 15N HSQC spectra(More)
GsMTx-4, a polypeptide from the spider Grammostola spatulata, is an inhibitor of mechanosensitive channels. It is known to interact with lipid membranes, suggesting it partitions into the membrane to alter the channel gating, but the effect of the membrane charge on GsMTx-4 activity remains unknown. In this study, we found that GsMTx-4 more effectively(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) and its animal model, experimental MG (EAMG), are autoimmune disorders in which major pathogenic antibodies are directed against the main immunogenic region (MIR) of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). In an earlier attempt to develop peptide mimotopes capable of preventing the anti-MIR-mediated pathogenicity, the peptide(More)