Hoau-Yan Wang

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While a potential causal factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD), brain insulin resistance has not been demonstrated directly in that disorder. We provide such a demonstration here by showing that the hippocampal formation (HF) and, to a lesser degree, the cerebellar cortex in AD cases without diabetes exhibit markedly reduced responses to insulin signaling in(More)
Recent molecular genetics studies implicate neuregulin 1 (NRG1) and its receptor erbB in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Among NRG1 receptors, erbB4 is of particular interest because of its crucial roles in neurodevelopment and in the modulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling. Here, using a new postmortem tissue–stimulation(More)
Amyloid beta(1-42), a major component of amyloid plaques, binds with exceptionally high affinity to the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and accumulates intracellularly in neurons of Alzheimer's disease brains. In this study, we investigated the possibility that this binding plays a key role in facilitating intraneuronal accumulation of amyloid(More)
beta-Amyloid(1-42) (A beta 42), a major component of amyloid plaques, accumulates within pyramidal neurons in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down syndrome. In brain areas exhibiting AD pathology, A beta 42-immunopositive material is observed in astrocytes. In the present study, single- and double-label immunohistochemistry were(More)
Gene expression profiling (GEP) has stratified diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) into molecular subgroups that correspond to different stages of lymphocyte development–namely germinal center B-cell like and activated B-cell like. This classification has prognostic significance, but GEP is expensive and not readily applicable into daily practice, which(More)
Opiates produce analgesia by activating mu opioid receptor-linked inhibitory G protein signaling cascades and related ion channel interactions that suppress cellular activities by hyperpolarization. After chronic opiate exposure, an excitatory effect emerges contributing to analgesic tolerance and opioid-induced hyperalgesia. Ultra-low-dose opioid(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine whether neocortical long-term potentiation (LTP) is deficient in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin-1 (PS1) mice, an AD animal model. We then ascertained whether this deficit might be paralleled by functional abnormalities of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDAR)(More)
Chronic interruption of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway leads to sensitized dopaminergic responses in striatum. We attempted to explore the mechanism(s) underlying this dopaminergic supersensitivity by assessing dopamine receptor signaling and receptor-G protein coupling in unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. Dopamine-stimulated adenylyl(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease leading over the course of decades to the most common form of dementia. Many of its pathologic features and cognitive deficits may be due in part to brain insulin resistance recently demonstrated in the insulin receptor→insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) signaling pathway. The proximal(More)
Karyopherin alpha 2 (KPNA2), a member of the karyopherin family, has a central role in nucleocytoplasmic transport and is overexpressed in many cancers. Our previous study identified KPNA2 as significantly upregulated in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC), correlating with poor survival of patients. However, the precise mechanism of this effect remains(More)