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PCR/RFLP of the NTS2 sequence of rDNA was shown to be suitable for differentiating Saccharomyces sensu stricto species. We previously showed that, within the presently accepted S. bayanus taxon, strains formerly classified as S. uvarum represented a distinct subgroup (Nguyen and Gaillardin, 1997). In this study, we reidentified 43 more strains isolated(More)
Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae appears to be an emerging pathogen, there is a need for a valuable molecular marker able to distinguish among strains. In this work, we investigated the potential value of microsatellite length polymorphism with a panel of 91 isolates, including 41 clinical isolates, 14 laboratory strains, and 28 strains with industrial(More)
Twenty-one Saccharomyces strains isolated from a cider process were analysed in terms of karyotypes, Y' S. cerevisiae sequence occurrence, rDNA structure and cross-fertility with species tester strains. A strong predominance of S. bayanus var. uvarum G. Naumov was found (18 strains vs. three S. cerevisiae). Among the S. bayanus var. uvarum, only three(More)
The lager brewing yeasts, Saccharomyces pastorianus (synonym Saccharomyces carlsbergensis), are allopolyploid, containing parts of two divergent genomes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae contributed to the formation of these hybrids, although the identity of the other species is still unclear. The presence of alleles specific to S. cerevisiae and S. pastorianus was(More)
In order to study meiotic segregation of chromosome length polymorphism in yeast, we analysed the progeny of a cross involving two laboratory strains FL100trp and YNN295. Analysis of the parental strains led us to detect an important length polymorphism of chromosomes I and III in FL100trp. A reciprocal translocation involving 80 kb of the left arm of(More)
By analyzing 2830 random sequence tags (RSTs), totalling 2.7 Mb, we explored the genome of the marine, osmo- and halotolerant yeast, Debaryomyces hansenii. A contig 29 kb in length harbors the entire mitochondrial genome. The genes encoding Cox1, Cox2, Cox3, Cob, Atp6, Atp8, Atp9, several subunits of the NADH dehydrogenase complex 1 and 11 tRNAs were(More)
Saccharomyces uvarum is proposed as a proper species within the complex Saccharomyces sensu stricto. Molecular characteristics including the similarity of the restriction profile of the non-transcribed spacer 2 (NTS2) and of the D1/D2 sequences of the rDNA, as well as other genotypic and phenotypic characteristics confirm that this group of strains is(More)
This work addresses the problem of feature extraction for boosting the performance of outlier detectors in high-dimensional spaces. Recent years have observed the prominence of multidimensional data on which traditional detection techniques usually fail to work as expected due to the curse of dimensionality. This paper introduces an efficient feature(More)