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In this paper, we present a real-time automatic vision-based rail inspection system, which performs inspections at 16 km/h with a frame rate of 20 fps. The system robustly detects important rail components such as ties, tie plates, and anchors, with high accuracy and efficiency. To achieve this goal, we first develop a set of image and video analytics and(More)
For safety purposes, railroad tracks need to be inspected on a regular basis for physical defects or design noncompliances. Such track defects and non-compliances, if not detected in a timely manner, may eventually lead to grave consequences such as train derailments. In this paper, we present a real-time automatic vision-based rail inspection system, with(More)
Example techniques and challenges S. Pankanti L. Brown J. Connell A. Datta Q. Fan R. S. Feris N. Haas Y. Li N. Ratha H. Trinh Humans, as well as many living organisms, are gifted with the power of Bseeing[ and Bunderstanding[ the environment around them using their eyes. The ease with which humans process and understand the visual world is very deceiving(More)
Substantial ambiguities arise in hand tracking due to issues such as small hand size, deformable hand shapes and similar hand appearances. These issues have greatly limited the capability of current multi-target tracking techniques in hand tracking. As an example, state-of-the-art approaches for people tracking handle indentity switching by exploiting the(More)
Cashiers in retail stores usually exhibit certain repetitive and periodic activities when processing items. Detecting such activities plays a key role in most retail fraud detection systems. In this paper, we propose a highly efficient, effective and robust vision technique to detect checkout-related primitive activities, based on a hierarchical finite(More)
A major source of revenue shrink in retail stores is the intentional or unintentional failure of proper checking out of items by the cashier. More recently, a few automated surveillance systems have been developed to monitor cashier lanes and detect non-compliant activities such as fake item checkouts or scans done with the intention of deriving monetary(More)