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Providing efficient data aggregation while preserving data privacy is a challenging problem in wireless sensor networks research. In this paper, we present two privacy-preserving data aggregation schemes for additive aggregation functions. The first scheme -cluster-based private data aggregation (CPDA)-leverages clustering protocol and algebraic properties(More)
— Data aggregation is an efficient mechanism widely used in wireless sensor networks (WSN) to collect statistics about data of interests. However, the shared-medium nature of communication makes the WSNs are vulnerable to eavesdropping and packet tampering/injection by adversaries. Hence, how to protect data privacy and data integrity are two major(More)
In this paper we study the issue of topology control under the physical signal-to-interference-noise-ratio (SINR) model, with the objective of maximizing network capacity. We show that existing graph-model-based topology control captures interference inadequately under the physical SINR model, and as a result, the interference in the topology thus induced(More)
Providing efficient data aggregation while preserving data privacy is a challenging problem in wireless sensor networks research. In this article, we present two privacy-preserving data aggregation schemes for additive aggregation functions, which can be extended to approximate MAX/MIN aggregation functions. The first scheme---<i>Cluster-based Private Data(More)
We present a class of domain decomposition (DD) preconditioners for the solution of elliptic linear-quadratic optimal control problems. Our DD preconditioners are extensions of Neumann–Neumann DD preconditioners, which have been successfully applied to the solution of single PDEs. The DD preconditioners are based on a decomposition of the optimality(More)
In this paper we present an approach to obtain an extended Depth-of-Field (DoF) for cell phone miniature camera by jointly optimizing optical system and post-capture digital processing techniques. Using a computational imaging approach, we demonstrate how to increase, to a useful operating range, the effective DoF of a specifically designed fixed focus lens(More)
Due to the shared medium nature of wireless networks, the uncertainties caused by collisions and interferences make the quality of service (QoS) issue harder than its wired counterpart. Many publications have been focused on network and MAC layer design to address the QoS issue in wireless networks. However, the middleware design has been overlooked. For(More)
— In a wireless network, data transmission suffers from varied signal strengths and channel bit error rates. To ensure successful packet reception under different channel conditions , automatic bit rate control schemes are implemented to adjust the transmission bit rates based on the perceived channel conditions. This leads to a wireless network with(More)
Many stem cells (SCs) respond to Wnt signaling, but whether beta-catenin's DNA binding partners, the Tcfs, play a role in SCs in the absence of Wnts, is unknown. In adult skin, quiescent multipotent progenitors express Tcf3 and commit to a hair cell fate in response to Wnt signaling. We find that embryonic skin progenitors also express Tcf3. Using an(More)