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To evaluate contribution of polymorphisms of the XRCC1 gene to the risk of colorectal cancer, we conducted a case-control study of 209 colorectal cancer cases and 209 age- and gender-matched controls in the Korean population. We tested the hypothesis by constructing allele combinations with known SNP. Allelic variants of the XRCC1 gene at codons 194, 280(More)
BACKGROUND Although studies have provided estimates of premature deaths attributable to either heat or cold in selected countries, none has so far offered a systematic assessment across the whole temperature range in populations exposed to different climates. We aimed to quantify the total mortality burden attributable to non-optimum ambient temperature,(More)
OBJECTIVE Susceptibility of target populations to air pollution is an important issue, because air pollution policies and standards should be based on the susceptibilities of those at particular risk. To evaluate which age group is more susceptible to the adverse health effects of air pollution, we compared the effects of air pollution on mortality among(More)
BACKGROUND Primary pulmonary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a very rare neoplasm. It is represented most commonly by marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type. Although there have been a few reviews of this lymphoma, clinical features, diagnostic procedure, optimal management and prognostic factors have not been well defined.(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies suggest low temperatures can affect mortality, especially deaths associated with circulatory and respiratory conditions. METHODS We investigated the association between ischemic stroke onset and decrease in temperature in 545 patients over a 3-year period (January 1998 to December 2000) in Incheon, Korea. We used a case-crossover(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. There is increasing health concerns regarding low-level exposure to BPA among the general population. The aim of this study was to determine the association between BPA exposure with oxidative stress and inflammation in adult populations. A cross-sectional study(More)
Astrocytes, the most abundant glial cell type in the brain, provide metabolic and trophic support to neurons and modulate synaptic activity. In response to a brain injury, astrocytes proliferate and become hypertrophic with an increased expression of intermediate filament proteins. This process is collectively referred to as reactive astrocytosis. Lipocalin(More)
Little information is available on the role of environmental chemical exposure in oxidative stress. This study was designed to investigate whether exposure to environmental chemicals, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, bisphenol A or phthalates, induces oxidative stress in urban adult populations. A total of 960 adults(More)
BACKGROUND Extrapulmonary small-cell carcinoma (EPSCC) has been recognized as a clinicopathological entity distinct from small-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung. This study aimed to review the clinical features, therapy and natural course of patients with EPSCC in Oriental single-institution series. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records(More)
Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, known as statins, are widely used for primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery atherosclerosis. Pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is multistep processes where transendothelial migration of various leukocytes including monocytes is a crucial step. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)(More)