Ho-Young Kim

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The capillary burst microvalve offers an attractive means to regulate microliquid flow owing to its simple structure and operation process. However, there existed no rigorous theoretical work to elucidate how the valve works and consequently to predict the valve-bursting condition. Therefore, here we report the theoretical investigation of how the capillary(More)
A liquid drop that partially wets a solid surface will slide down the plane when it is tilted beyond a critical inclination. Here we report the study of the sliding velocity of such a drop. Experiments for measuring the steady sliding velocity of different liquids of drops are performed. We then construct a scaling law that predicts the sliding velocity(More)
Modeling the in vivo microenvironment typically involves placing cells in a three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrix (ECM) in physiologically relevant context with respect to other cells. The mechanical and chemical features of 3D microenvironments play important roles in tissue engineering, tumor growth and metastasis, and in defining stem cell niches,(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that HtrA1 (high-temperature requirement A1) is involved in modulating crucial cellular processes and implicated in life-threatening diseases, such as cancer and neuropathological disorders; however, the exact functions of this protease in vivo remain unknown. Here, we show that loss of HtrA1 function increases fibroblast(More)
We study the sinking of a dense cylinder initially supported horizontally at an air-water interface and then released. The sinking motion is studied experimentally and agrees quantitatively with a simple hydrodynamic model of the process. In particular, our model predicts that the time taken for the cylinder to become immersed in the liquid should be tsink(More)
We consider the equilibrium flotation of a two-dimensional cylinder and a sphere at an interface between two fluids. We give conditions on the density and radius of these objects for them to be able to float at the interface and discuss the role played by the contact angle in determining these conditions. For cylinders with a small radius, we find that the(More)
This paper describes the locomotion of a water jumping robot which emulates the ability of the water strider and the fishing spider to jump on the water surface. While previous studies of the robots mimicking aquatic arthropods were focused on recreating their horizontal skating motions, here we aim to achieve a vertical jumping motion. The robot jumps by(More)
We investigate the dynamic fracture of a close-packed monolayer of particles, or particle raft, floating at a liquid-gas interface induced by the localized addition of surfactant. Unusually for a two-dimensional solid, our experiments show that the speed of crack propagation here is not affected by the elastic properties of the raft. Instead it is(More)
Fish generates large thrust through an oscillating motion with a fin. It is assumed that the flexibility of a fin affects the thrust generated by the fish. However, detailed investigation on the relationship between the flexibility of the fin and thrust generation is lacking. In this paper, the driving mechanism of a robotic fish is implemented using a(More)
A microliquid prism is a microchannel filled with two immiscible liquids, whose interface acts as a refractive surface. To steer a light beam that constructs optical images, the interface profile or the contact angle is modulated through electrowetting on a dielectric. Accurate, yet agile actuation of the liquid prism critically depends on the understanding(More)