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BACKGROUND Pathogenicity islands (PAIs), distinct genomic segments of pathogens encoding virulence factors, represent a subgroup of genomic islands (GIs) that have been acquired by horizontal gene transfer event. Up to now, computational approaches for identifying PAIs have been focused on the detection of genomic regions which only differ from the rest of(More)
Harmful algal blooms, caused by rapid growth and accumulation of certain microalgae in the ocean, pose considerable impacts on marine environments, aquatic industries and even public health. Here, we present the 7.2-megabase genome of the marine bacterium Hahella chejuensis including genes responsible for the biosynthesis of a pigment which has the lytic(More)
We have previously shown that replication- protein A (RPA), the heterotrimeric single-stranded DNA binding protein of eukaryotes, plays a role in Okazaki fragment processing by acting as a molecular switch between the two endonucleases, Dna2 and Fen1, to ensure the complete removal of primer RNAs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The stimulation of Dna2(More)
MELDB is a comprehensive protein database of microbial esterases and lipases which are hydrolytic enzymes important in the modern industry. Proteins in MELDB are clustered into groups according to their sequence similarities based on a local pairwise alignment algorithm and a graph clustering algorithm (TribeMCL). This differs from traditional approaches(More)
The gene encoding beta-glucosidase of the marine hyperthermophilic eubacterium Thermotoga neapolitana (bglA) was subcloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant BglA (rBglA) was efficiently purified by heat treatment at 75 degrees C, and a Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and its molecular mass were determined to be 56.2 kDa by mass spectrometry(More)
To identify a fast and sensitive method for screening for mutations in patients with imatinib- resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we compared allele specific oligonucleotide- polymerase chain reaction (ASO-PCR) assay with conventional direct sequencing. Among the 68 imatinib resistant CML patients studied, 18 amino acid substitutions were detected in(More)
It has been suggested that the Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rad50 (Rad50-Rad32-Nbs1) complex is required for the resection of the C-rich strand at telomere ends in taz1-d cells. However, the nuclease-deficient Rad32-D25A mutant can still resect the C-rich strand, suggesting the existence of a nuclease that resects the C-rich strand. Here, we demonstrate that a(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dna2 possesses both helicase and endonuclease activities. Its endonuclease activity is essential and well suited to remove RNA-DNA primers of Okazaki fragments. In contrast, its helicase activity, although required for optimal growth, is not essential when the rate of cell growth is reduced. These findings suggest that DNA unwinding(More)
We have identified a novel DNA helicase in humans that belongs to members of the superfamily I helicase and found that it contains a well conserved F-box motif at its N terminus. We have named the enzyme hFBH1 (human F-box DNA helicase 1). Recombinant hFBH1, containing glutathione S-transferase at the N terminus, was expressed in Sf9 cells and purified. In(More)
In this study, the H303A mutant form of the cbb(3) oxidase (H303A oxidase), which has the H303A mutation in its catalytic subunit (CcoN), was purified from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The H303A oxidase showed the same catalytic activity as did the wild-type form of the oxidase (WT oxidase). The heme contents of the mutant and WT forms of the cbb(3) oxidase(More)