Ho Yin Colin Lam

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BACKGROUND Although atherosclerosis is a known systemic process, carotid and femoral atherosclerotic plaques are associated with distinctive complications and therapeutic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate inflammatory markers associated with carotid and femoral plaques. STUDY DESIGN Carotid and femoral endarterectomy specimens were(More)
The polarized nature of epithelial cells allows for different responses to luminal or serosal stimuli. In kidney tubules, ATP is produced luminally in response to changes in luminal flow. Luminal increases in ATP have been previously shown to inhibit the renal epithelial Na⁺ channel (ENaC). On the other hand, ATP is increased basolaterally in renal(More)
The renal epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) provides regulated sodium transport in the distal nephron. The effects of intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) on this channel are only beginning to be elucidated. It appears from previous studies that the [Ca(2+)]i increases downstream of ATP administration may have a polarized effect on ENaC, where apical(More)
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