Ho Yeong Kil

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In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the use of continuous subhypnotic propofol infusion as an antiemetic in fentanyl intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (i.v. PCA) was investigated during the first 24 h after surgery. One hundred female patients, ASA I-II, aged 20-71 yr, undergoing major gynaecological or(More)
UNLABELLED Because noise in the operating room has been alleged to interfere with the ability to sedate patients before surgery, we evaluated the effect of noise on the Bispectral index (BIS) value during propofol sedation. Thirty unpremedicated patients were studied before the start of surgery while receiving propofol sedation on two separate occasions(More)
In this study, we sought to determine the globule size distribution of a propofol/lidocaine mixture as a function of lidocaine concentration and time elapsed after mixing in a standard formulation of propofol emulsion (Diprivan) and in a new formulation containing L-lysine to improve stability. The globule size was measured with a laser diffraction(More)
UNLABELLED To determine the effects of plasma fentanyl concentrations on intraoperative propofol requirements, emergence from anesthesia, and relief of postoperative pain, we studied 60 ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing spine fusion. The patients were randomly assigned to four study groups according to the expected intraoperative plasma(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between clinical endpoints for induction of anesthesia and the electroencephalographic (EEG) bispectral index (BIS) and effect-site concentration (C(E)) values when using a target-controlled infusion (TCI) of either thiopental sodium or propofol, by hypothesizing that yawning may be a useful alternative to other(More)
The bispectral index (BIS) has been used as a measure of the degree of sedation and level of hypnosis for IV hypnotics and sedatives, potent volatile anesthetics. We evaluated the effect of increasing concentrations of nitrous oxide (N2O) on BIS and compared it with the Observer's Assessment of Alertness and Sedation (OAA/S) scale in patients undergoing(More)
The epidemiological and clinical features of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in South Korea were examined in a prospective, multicenter cohort study that included 1,173 adult patients with positive results for anti-HCV antibody who completed a questionnaire survey on the risk factors for HCV infection from January 2007 to December 2011 at five university(More)
The risk factors related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection showed geographic and temporal differences. We investigated HCV-related risk factors in Korea where intravenous drug use (IVDU) is uncommon. The HCV-related risk factors were investigated in a prospective, multicenter chronic HCV cohort (n = 711) using a standardized questionnaire in four(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes varies geographically. In Korea, genotypes 1 and 2 comprise more than 90% of HCV infections, while genotype 6 is very rare. This study compared the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with genotype 6 HCV infection with those infected with HCV genotypes 1 and 2. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study investigated the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene with respect to clinical outcomes and the antiviral response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to suggest the practical utility of IL28B genotyping in Korea. METHODS Two SNPs near IL28B, rs12979860 and rs8099917, were(More)