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We previously showed that polyphyllin D (PD) produced a stronger apoptotic effect in R-HepG2 with multi-drug resistance (MDR) than that in its parent HepG2 cells without MDR. In this study, PD was found to elicit mitochondrial fragmentation in live cells by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). When mitochondria were isolated and(More)
Gold nanorods (Au-NRs) have attracted enormous interest due to their size and unique optical properties. Many studies have demonstrated their use in biomedical systems. However, their potential toxicity is not fully understood. This study evaluated the effects of the Au-NRs (15 nM × 64 nM) coated with CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) or PEG(More)
We have utilized various valving scheme to leverage purely rotation-regulated flow control to enable comprehensive cell-based bioassays (CBBs) on centrifuge-based lab-on-a-disc (LOAD). A LOAD has been developed to examine allergic degranulation from live basophils for allergens screening for the first time, which can also be adjusted to suit a wide range of(More)
The main challenge for all electrical, mechanical and optical sensors is to detect low molecular weight (less than 400 Da) chemical and biological analytes under extremely dilute conditions. Surface plasmon resonance sensors are the most commonly used optical sensors due to their unique ability for real-time monitoring the molecular binding events. However,(More)
A high-sensitivity surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer design is presented. The novel feature of the new design is the use of a Wollaston prism through which the phase quantities of the p and s polarizations are interrogated simultaneously. Since SPR affects only the p polarization, the signal due to the s(More)
Some of the major components of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), a widely used Chinese herbal medicine rich in phenolic acids, are thermosensitive and may degrade to other phenolic acids during extractions with heating. The chemical profiles of Danshen water-extract may vary with different heat water extraction at different temperatures, affecting the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We evaluated the role(s) of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-mediated H₂O₂ generation on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced tension development of isolated basilar artery of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Basilar artery (endothelium-denuded) was isolated for tension(More)
Centrifugal microfluidic or lab-on-a-disc platforms have many advantages over other microfluidic systems. These advantages include a minimal amount of instrumentation, the efficient removal of any disturbing bubbles or residual volumes, and inherently available density-based sample transportation and separation. Centrifugal microfluidic devices applied to(More)
In this paper, we present a lab-in-a-droplet bioassay strategy for a centrifugal microfluidics or lab-on-a-disc (LOAD) platform with three important advancements including density difference pumping, power to disc and bidirectional flow control. First, with the water based bioassay droplets trapped in a micro-channel filled with mineral oil, centrifugal(More)
Phase detection has been utilized to enhance the sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors for a long time. However, an inherent drawback for phase sensitive SPR sensors are their limited dynamic range, which has greatly hindered wide applications of such sensors. In this Letter, a design combining phase detection and angular interrogation has(More)