Learn More
IQGAP1 has been implicated as a regulator of cell motility because its overexpression or underexpression stimulates or inhibits cell migration, respectively, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we present evidence that IQGAP1 stimulates branched actin filament assembly, which provides the force for lamellipodial protrusion, and that(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 is known to undergo cytoplasmic dynein-dependent nuclear translocation in response to DNA damage. However, the molecular link between p53 and the minus end-directed microtubule motor dynein complex has not been described. We report here that the 8-kDa light chain (LC8) of dynein binds to p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1). The(More)
Insoluble deposits of β-amyloid (Aβ), in the form of senile plaques, and of tau, as neurofi brillary tangles, have long been accepted as the primary histopathological markers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Although initial research focused on the role of Aβ and tau individually, recent evidence, including data demonstrating that amyloid pathology can(More)
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is defined histopathologically by extracellular beta-amyloid (Abeta) fibrils plus intraneuronal tau filaments. Studies of transgenic mice and cultured cells indicate that AD is caused by a pathological cascade in which Abeta lies upstream of tau, but the steps that connect Abeta to tau have remained undefined. We demonstrate that(More)
This work illustrates a two-step strategy for the fabrication of polymer/drug nanoparticles. Utilizing solvent/non-solvent precipitation and gaseous basification, composite nanoparticles with 0-100% drug loadings are fabricated. Drug release kinetics are dictated by nanoparticle composition allowing future tuning for therapeutic applications.
The 8-kDa light chain of dynein (DLC8) is ubiquitously expressed in various cell types. Other than serving as a light chain of the dynein complexes, this highly conserved protein has been shown to bind a larger number of proteins with diverse biological functions. DLC8 forms a homodimer via three-dimensional domain swapping of an internal beta-strand (the(More)
IQGAP1 stimulates branched actin filament nucleation by activating N-WASP, which then activates the Arp2/3 complex. N-WASP can be activated by other factors, including GTP-bound Cdc42 or Rac1, which also bind IQGAP1. Here we report the use of purified proteins for in vitro binding and actin polymerization assays, and Förster (or fluorescence) resonance(More)
Prions consist of aggregates of abnormal conformers of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). They propagate by recruiting host-encoded PrP(C) although the critical interacting proteins and the reasons for the differences in susceptibility of distinct cell lines and populations are unknown. We derived a lineage of cell lines with markedly differing(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein is the multisubunit protein complex responsible for many microtubule-based intracellular movements. Its cargo binding domain consists of dimers of five subunits: the intermediate chains, the light intermediate chains, and the Tctex1, Roadblock, and LC8 light chains. The intermediate chains have a key role in the dynein complex. They bind(More)