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Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are important angiogenic factors in human cancers. Relative to VEGF-C, prognostic significance of VEGF-D expression and its association with HIF-1alpha expression remain elusive in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). We studied expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF-D using(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Zinc chloride smoke inhalation injury (ZCSII) is uncommon and has been rarely described in previous studies. We hypothesized that structural changes of the lung might correlate with pulmonary function. To answer this question, we correlated findings from high-resolution CT (HRCT) scan and the results of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared the effects of a traditional ideology of care and role conflict on the intrinsic rewards (self-gain) and consequences (self-loss) of caregiving among African Americans and Whites. METHODS Using a cross-sectional telephone survey of caregivers in North Carolina (n = 481), the authors performed a structural equation groups(More)
PURPOSE To assess the clinical manifestations and multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) findings of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) and to determine the role of MDCT on treatment decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2004 to December 2008, 1,100 patients had undergone gastroenterostomy reconstruction in our institution. Of these, 22 (2%)(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is on the rise worldwide. Prior studies find that parents' child-feeding practices are associated with child weight status and the efficacy of specific parental child-feeding practices can be moderated by parenting styles. In the current longitudinal study, we examined the associations(More)
This study aims to examine trends in outpatient psychotropic drug use among people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan. The NHI outpatient medication records between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2007 for people with intellectual disabilities were analyzed to observe the percent change, prevalence and prescription trends in psychotropic drugs. The(More)
BACKGROUND Better techniques are needed to help consumers make lower calorie food choices. This pilot study examined the effect of menu labeling with caloric information and exercise equivalents (EE) on food selection. Participants, 62 females, ages 18-34, recruited for this study, ordered a fast food meal with menus that contained the names of the food(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in the management of adhesion-related small bowel obstruction (SBO) and to identify its predictive value for surgery. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of 151 patients over a 5-year period with the diagnosis of SBO caused by(More)
This cases report compared the short-term changes of BLL with medical removal intervention and follow-up the long-term changes of BLL afterward. During a physical examination in October 1992, a 44-year old shipyard welder was discovered to have a blood lead level (BLL) of 54.1 microg/dl. It was recommended that the shipyard remove this worker from his(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether treatment outcome is associated with visualization of contrast extravasation in patients with acute massive gastrointestinal bleeding after endoscopic failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2007 to December 2009, patients that experienced a first attack of acute gastrointestinal bleeding after failure of initial(More)