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STUDY OBJECTIVES We compared the clinical characteristics and imaging findings between immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients in whom pulmonary cryptococcosis had been diagnosed to define the role of serum cryptococcal antigen (sCRAG) and radiographs during a follow-up period of up to 1 year. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING University(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are important angiogenic factors in human cancers. Relative to VEGF-C, prognostic significance of VEGF-D expression and its association with HIF-1alpha expression remain elusive in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). We studied expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF-D using(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the features of non-mass-like (NML) breast lesions on ultrasound (US) and determine their corresponding malignancy rate and to stratify these lesion patterns according to US BI-RADS categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred sixty-four consecutive lesions were retrospectively classified into four types according to the US features,(More)
Patterns of global histone modifications have been recently suggested as outcome predictors in cancer patients. To date, there has been no report on the prognostic significance of global histone modifications in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. We investigated the role of global histone modification as outcome predictor in patients undergoing(More)
PURPOSE To assess the clinical manifestations and multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) findings of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) and to determine the role of MDCT on treatment decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2004 to December 2008, 1,100 patients had undergone gastroenterostomy reconstruction in our institution. Of these, 22 (2%)(More)
OBJECTIVE Aberrant expression of mismatch repair genes, such as human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) and human mutS homolog 2 (hMSH2), are common in some human cancers, and promoter methylation is believed to inactivate expression of hMLH1. We investigated whether promoter methylation is involved in loss of hMLH1 protein and whether aberrant expression of hMLH1 and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in the management of adhesion-related small bowel obstruction (SBO) and to identify its predictive value for surgery. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of 151 patients over a 5-year period with the diagnosis of SBO caused by(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared the effects of a traditional ideology of care and role conflict on the intrinsic rewards (self-gain) and consequences (self-loss) of caregiving among African Americans and Whites. METHODS Using a cross-sectional telephone survey of caregivers in North Carolina (n = 481), the authors performed a structural equation groups(More)
Shorter sleep time was reported to be associated with psychological functioning in children. We intended to examine the relationship between nocturnal sleep duration and depression status by investigating if delayed bedtime could be one of the enhancement factors for depression in children. A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the depression(More)
This study aims to examine trends in outpatient psychotropic drug use among people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan. The NHI outpatient medication records between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2007 for people with intellectual disabilities were analyzed to observe the percent change, prevalence and prescription trends in psychotropic drugs. The(More)