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A simple and novel electrostatic coupling method is reported, which provides a hyaluronic acid-quantum dot conjugate (HA-QD) that is colloidally stable and size-tunable from 50 to 120 nm. The HA-QDs show cancer targeting efficiency, which suggests diagnostic and imaging applications. The conjugates are also demonstrated for the fluorescence staining(More)
To figure out the geographical distribution of Gynaecotyla squatarolae and Microphallus koreana metacercariae in Korea, shore crabs of southwestern coastal areas were examined. Eight coastal areas in Inchon-si (A), Gyeonggi-do (B), Chungcheongnam-do (C, D, and E), Jeollabuk-do (F), and Jeollanam-do (G and H) were selected, and 2 kinds of crabs,(More)
The SPEAR micro-satellite payload consists of dual imaging spectrographs optimized for detection of the faint, diffuse FUV (900-1750 Å) radiation emitted from interstellar gas. The instrument provides spectral resolution, R~750, and long slit imaging of <10 over a large (8 ) field of view. We enhance the sensitivity by using shutters and filters for removal(More)
Many kinds of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) including semiconductor, metal, metal oxide, and lanthanide-doped NPs have been developed for imaging and therapy applications. Their unique optical, magnetic, and electronic properties can be tailored by controlling the composition, size, shape, and structure. Interaction of such NPs with cells and/or in vivo(More)
We report a "smart" gold nanoparticle that is designed to aggregate in mild acidic intracellular environments by its hydrolysis-susceptible citraconic amide surface. With a relatively small size of 10 nm, the "smart" gold nanoparticles can be efficiently internalized into cancerous cells. Triggered by pH change, the nanoparticle surfaces are engineered to(More)
Sulfonated aluminum phthalocyanines (AlPcSs), commonly used photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy of cancers (PDT), were conjugated with amine-dihydrolipoic acid-coated quantum dots (QDs) by electrostatic binding, achieving 70 AlPcSs per QD. The AlPcS-QD conjugates can utilize the intense light absorptions of conjugated QDs to indirectly excite AlPcSs(More)
The SPEAR (or “FIMS) instrumentation has been used to conduct the first large-scale spectral mapping of diffuse cosmic far ultraviolet (FUV, 900-1750 Å) emission, including important diagnostics of interstellar hot (10 K – 10 K) and photoionized plasmas, H2, and dust scattered starlight. The instrumentation’s performance has allowed for the unprecedented(More)
Photo-electrodes with tailored three-dimensional nanostructures offer a large enhancement in light harvesting capability for various optoelectronic devices enabled by strong light scattering in the nanostructures as well as improved charge transport. Here we present an array of three-dimensional titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanohelixes fabricated by the oblique(More)
A series of quantum dot (QD) ligands are reported that can make strong polyelectrolyte QD surfaces with sulfonates or quaternary ammoniums, which can endow QDs with excellent colloidal stability independent of the pH and ionic strength, minimal hydrodynamic size, and can be exploited to achieve stable and flexible bioconjugations and layer-by-layer assembly.