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In this study, we investigate the antimicrobial activities of both Eugenia caryophyllata (Ec) extract and its major component eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol) against Streptococcus pneumoniae. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined by microdilution method. Pneumococcal biofilms were detected(More)
BACKGROUND Our goal was to investigate the effects of low intensity resistance training on body fat, muscle mass and strength, cardiovascular fitness, and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. METHODS Twenty-eight overweight women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a resistance training group (RG, n = 13) or a control group (CG, n = 15). RG(More)
Hyaluronic acid (170 kDa)-based hydrogel was synthesized using acrylated hyaluronic acid (HA) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) sensitive HA-based hydrogels were then prepared by conjugation with two different peptides: cell adhesion peptides containing integrin-binding domains (Arg-Gly-Asp: RGD) and a cross-linker with MMP degradable peptides to mimic the(More)
Pre-operative diagnosis of chest-wall deformity is important for successful surgical correction and post-operative evaluation of funnel chest patients. However, conventional indices that define the severity of deformity have several limitations; manually calculated and cannot supply information about asymmetry. We developed four indices that can represent(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the technical feasibility and preliminary results of endovenous foam sclerotherapy using a microcatheter in varicose tributaries followed by endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) of incompetent saphenous veins. MATERIALS AND METHODS From July 2005 to August 2006, 312 patients (M:F=139:173, mean age 45.8) who presented with varicose(More)
Inflammation has been known to play an important role in the pathogenesis after spinal cord injury (SCI). Microglia are activated after injury and produce a variety of proinflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, cyclooxygenase-2, and reactive oxygen species leading to apoptosis of neurons and oligodendrocytes. In this(More)
multimodal biometric systems have been widely used to overcome the limitation of unimodal biometric systems and to achieve high recognition accuracy. However, users feel inconvenience because most of the multimodal systems require several steps in order to acquire multimodal biometric data, which also requires the specific behaviors of users. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Aerobic exercise can effectively reduce visceral fat. However, few studies have examined the effect of daily physical activity on obesity and cardiopulmonary function in the subjects with diabetes. We examined the effect of moderate intensity of walking in obese diabetes patients by monitoring of daily activity and measuring the change in(More)
In this study, we developed a small pneumatic actuator that can be used as an extracorporeal biventricular assist device. It incorporated a bellows-transforming mechanism to generate blood-pumping pressure. The cylindrical unit is 88 +/- 0.1 mm high, has a diameter of 150 +/- 0.1 mm, and weighs 2.4 +/- 0.01 kg. In vitro, maximal outflow at the highest(More)
The tissue mimicking quality of tofu has been evaluated in terms of acoustic properties and acousto/thermal conversion as functions of frequency and diffraction corrected intensity over the 2 MHz to 18 MHz range using three unfocussed transducers with center frequencies of 5 MHz, 10 MHz and 15 MHz. The density and acoustic velocity were close to the(More)