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To study synthesis, storage, and secretion of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in the heart, we have measured BNP mRNA and BNP concentrations in the hearts of Wistar-Kyoto rats and also have investigated its secretion from the isolated perfused heart. The atrium expressed the BNP gene at a high level, and a considerable amount of BNP mRNA also was present in(More)
Botulinum C3 exoenzyme specifically ADP-ribosylates a group of ras-related small molecular weight GTP-binding proteins, rho, and inhibits their biological activity. Using this enzyme, we examined the function of rho in PMA-induced activation of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) in a B lymphoblastoid cell line, JY. Northern blot analysis(More)
The complementary DNA for the human brain type glucose transporter (GLUT3) was used to determine its tissue specific expression in human, monkey, rabbit, rat, and mouse. Under high stringent conditions, 4.1 and 3.2 kilobase (kb) GLUT3 transcripts in monkey and a single 4.1 kb GLUT3 mRNA in rabbit, rat, and mouse were detected by RNA blot analysis. Although(More)
The effect of electrical stimulation of the vagus nerves on the release of immunoreactive gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), gastrin, and somatostatin was investigated using the isolated perfused rat stomach. Electrical stimulation (10 Hz, 1 ms duration, 10 V) of the peripheral end of the subdiaphragmatic vagal trunks produced a significant increase in both(More)
Using a highly specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay for dynorphin(1-13), dynorphin-like immunoreactivity (dynorphin-LI) was detected in rat pituitary and hypothalamus. Gel chromatographic studies on Sephadex G-50 revealed three components of dynorphin-LI with molecular weights of approximately 7500-9500 (big dynorphin), 3500-5500 (intermediate dynorphin)(More)
Immunohistochemical localization of gamma-MSH was studied in human and rat hypothalamus by peroxidase-labeled antibody method both at light and electron microscopic levels. Human and rat hypothalamus contained immunoreactive gamma-MSH neurons and varicose nerve fibers. The distribution of gamma-MSH-positive nerve fibers was similar to that of beta-endorphin(More)
RNA blot hybridization analysis with cloned rat CRF precursor (prepro-CRF) cDNA as a probe showed that prepro-CRF mRNA existed in rat hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic brain tissue, whereas it was undetectable in the pituitary and adrenal. To study the effect of glucocorticoid on the level of prepro-CRF mRNA in the hypothalmus and that of(More)
We isolated the human C-type natriuretic peptide gene and identified the peptide in the brain. The human C-type natriuretic peptide gene appeared to be composed of at least two exons and one intron. In the 5'-flanking region, there is an array of cis elements (an inverted CCAAT box, two GC boxes, and a cyclic AMP response element-like sequence) that is not(More)
Rimorphin (dynorphin B) has been demonstrated to exist together with alpha-neo-endorphin and dynorphin(1-17) (dynorphin A) in the human hypothalamus. The content of rimorphin was comparable to that of alpha-neo-endorphin and somewhat higher than that of dynorphin. This result is quite similar to the recent observations in bovine, porcine and rat neural(More)
A variety of neuropeptides, such as TRH, somatostatin, VIP, Substance P, neurotensin, CCK, gastrin, and opioid peptides, alter secretion of GH and PRL from the pituitary. These actions differ according to the route of administration or with experimental conditions, especially anesthesia. Among these peptides, the most consistent results have been obtained(More)